Review — Library Service in New Brunswick by Peter Grossman (1953)
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
1M ago
Library Service in New Brunswick: A Report and Recommendations by Peter Grossman. Fredericton: New Brunswick Department of Education, 1953. 62 p., maps, illus. Peter Grossman, c.1953   For many years in the first part of the 20th-century, public library service lagged in the province of New Brunswick; however, in 1951 a provincial Library Association was established with Maurice Boone, the chief librarian of the Legislative Library and formerly librarian of Acadia University, elected as President. The Association pressed government officials to improve public library services ..read more
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Review — Ontario Libraries: A Province-Wide Survey and Plan, 1965 by Francis R. St. John Library Consultants
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
1M ago
St John, (Francis R.) Library Consultants, Inc. Ontario Libraries: A Province-Wide Survey and Plan, 1965. Toronto: Ontario Library Association, 1965. 182 p. At the beginning of the 1960s, Ontario’s public schools, universities, governments, and special libraries were trying to cope with a rapidly growing population, changing technology, and staff shortages. The Department of Education had made a few incremental improvements after the Wallace Report of 1957, but leaders in the library sector expected more effective planning and financial support from Queen’s Park. When William Davis, the Conse ..read more
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Review — Report on Provincial Library Service in Ontario by W. Stewart Wallace (1957)
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
2M ago
Report on Provincial Library Service in Ontario by W. Stewart Wallace. Toronto: Ontario Department of Education, January 1957. 62 p. with six appendices published between 1944–55. By the early 1950s, the plans originally made for postwar library reconstruction ideas were only partially achieved in Ontario and Canada. Passage of the National Library Act of 1952 and the official recognition of W. Kaye Lamb as National Librarian were the most successful endeavours. After 1945, the Ontario Library Association (OLA) relied on briefs and presented development plans based on ideas prevalent during ..read more
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Review -- In Solidarity: Academic Librarian Labour Activism and Union Participation in Canada
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
2M ago
In Solidarity: Academic Librarian Labour Activism and Union Participation in Canada ed. by Jennifer Dekker and Mary Kandiuk. Sacramento, California: Library Juice Press, 2014; viii, 355 p., illus. Collective action by faculty and librarians and their diverse organizations and associations has traditionally dealt mostly with academic standards and professional goals. With respect to economic issues, professors and librarians historically have engaged in individualistic pursuits. Until the 1970s, focused work to improve economic conditions was not considered appropriate activity for university o ..read more
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A Prolific Carnegie Library Architect: William Austin Mahoney
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Andrew Carnegie began dispensing grants to Ontario libraries. Many ambitious cities and towns submitted a request for assistance. One important requisite that Carnegie demanded was that the library be “free” that is, open at the point of entry free of charge—there would no longer be a subscription for membership. This condition would make it eligible for a specific amount from its municipality according to Ontario’s public library legislation. More than a hundred communities followed through and received grants. One architect, William A. Mahoney, from ..read more
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Review — Parents of Invention (2011) by Christopher Brown-Syed
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
Parents of Invention: The Development of Library Automation Systems in the Late 20th Century by Christopher Brown-Syed; foreword by W. David Penniman and conclusion by Louise O’Neil. Santa Barbara, California: Libraries Unlimited, 2011; xxi, 145 p., illus. ISBN: 978-1-59158-792-7 (paperback). In Parents of Invention, Christopher Brown-Syed recounts developments in library automation from the 1970s to the 1990s, an important era in library computing dominated by what came to be called the integrated library system (ILS). After earning a BA at York University, Brown-Syed began his career with th ..read more
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Intellectual Freedom Statement issued by the Institute of Professional Librarians of Ontario, April 1972
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
In the 1950s and early 1960s, Ontario librarians began to believe they should have a separate provincial body to speak for ‘professional librarians’ on issues related to unions, library boards, and governments. In 1958, the Institute of Professional Librarians became a section within the Ontario Library Association. Two years later, in 1960, the IPL sought incorporation and became an independent organization. This separation was followed by private legislation in 1963, An Act Respecting the Institute of Professional Librarians of Ontario. Through the 1960s, IPLO served as a clearing house for ..read more
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Review — Confronting the Democratic Discourse of Librarianship: A Marxist Approach (2019) by Sam Popowich
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
Confronting the Democratic Discourse of Librarianship: A Marxist Approach by Sam Popowich. Sacramento, CA: Library Juice Press, 2019. 322 p. “So long as we are a democracy we need intelligence; so long as we need intelligence in the community we need librarians; so we shall need librarians to the end of Time.” — George H. Locke speaking to university students in Toronto, October 1932. George Locke’s assessment neatly encapsulated the thoughts of the “library community” in Canada, the United States, and Britain in the first part of the 20th century. Today, many people support the belief that pu ..read more
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Review — The Ontario Public Library: Review and Reorganization by Albert Bowron (1975)
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
The Ontario Public Library: Review and Reorganization. Prepared for the Ontario Provincial Library Council by Albert W. Bowron. Toronto: Information, Media and Library Planners, December 1975; p. 184; maps; tables; paper. In June 1974, the Ministry of Ministry of Colleges and Universities approved a provincial research study on Ontario’s public libraries. Albert Bowron, a prominent library consultant, was hired to complete a general investigation. He was well qualified for the task, having worked in Ontario libraries for more than a quarter-century. Bowron had graduated from the University of ..read more
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Biography: Gerhard Richard Lomer (1882–1970)
Library History Today Blog
by Lorne Bruce
5M ago
Gerhard Lomer was born in Montreal in 1882: he was the son of Adolph and Ellen Lomer a well-to-business family. In his youth, he spent time in the United States where he made a number of contacts that would further his literary career as an editor for two major American publishing series, the  “Warner Library of the World's Best Literature” and “Chronicles Of America.” However, his main contribution came in the field of librarianship at McGill University where he introduced Canada’s first full-time one-year graduate library program in 1927 that was accredited by the American Library Asso ..read more
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