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Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
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12h ago
Health Science Reports, Volume 7, Issue 3, March 2024 ..read more
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Assessment of water, hygiene, and sanitation practice and associated factors among Bihari refugee camp in Bangladesh: A cross‐sectional study
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Md. Khaled Sifullah, Md. Salman Sohel, Safayet Jamil, Md. Mahdi Hasan, Jeba Anika, Husain Rakib Swadhin, Neeru Chaudhary, Md. Naimur Rahman, Mohima Shaiara, Md Tariqul Islam, Babor Ahmad, Mishal Islam Shomapto, Md. Fouad Hossain Sarker, S. M. Sohag
2d ago
Abstract Background and Aims The global significance of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) cannot be overstated, extending far beyond the confines of developing nations and encompassing even the most developed ones. This study, rooted in the Bihari refugee camp in Bangladesh, seeks to underscore the universality of WASH concerns. Methods Using a cross-sectional design and a structured questionnaire, we conducted a meticulous evaluation of WASH practices with 313 participants selected through random sampling. Results Findings shows the water practice, among all of them, only 4.8% of the resp ..read more
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Social domains of poor mental health: A qualitative pilot study of community stakeholders’ understanding and demarcation of mental illness and its interpretations in rural Nigeria
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Saheed A. Lawal, Isaac A. Adedeji, Adesola Ogunniyi, David Henderson
2d ago
Abstract Background and Aims Although previous studies on mental health/illness in Nigeria have explored knowledge and attitude of community members using quantitative approaches, few studies have engaged stakeholders within rural communities on the issue of mental illness using qualitative approaches. Community stakeholders play a critical role in influencing health behaviors. The objective of this pilot study was to explore community stakeholders’ understanding and demarcation of mental illness, and its interpretations in a rural Nigerian town. This is with the aim of shaping stakeholders un ..read more
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Development and psychometric testing of the Coronavirus Awareness and Preparedness Scale: A cross‐sectional study
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Meng Zhao, Kyoung Lee, Yuxia Huang
3d ago
Abstract Background and Aims A comprehensive standardized evaluation tool was needed to assess community awareness and preparedness when the pandemic hit the United States. This study aimed to develop and validate a new Coronavirus Awareness and Preparedness Scale (CAPS) through psychometric testing. Methods This study unfolded in two phases. Phase 1 (conducted in March and April 2020) focused on the development of the scale. Phase 2 (conducted in June and July 2020) measured the reliability and validity of the scale. Psychometric testing, including exploratory factor analysis and reliability ..read more
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Design and evaluation of collaborative decision‐making application for patient care in the emergency department
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Neda Shams‐Vahdati, Samad Shams Vahdati, Taha Samad‐Soltani
3d ago
Abstract Background and Aims Collaboration has become a crucial element of effective healthcare delivery in the emergency department (ED). In high-pressure environments, healthcare providers can prioritize patients by consulting with other specialists to gain diverse perspectives and arrive at a shared understanding of the best course of action. It was conducted for the purpose of designing and evaluating the collaborative decision-making application for patient care in the ED. Methods The present applied research study was conducted between April 1, 2021 and May 31, 2023 at Imam Reza Hospital ..read more
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Successful treatment of solar lentigines by topical application of stabilized cysteamine: A vehicle‐controlled, double‐blind randomized study
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Nasrin Saki, Vahideh Modabber, Hengameh Kasraei, Behrooz Kasraee
3d ago
Abstract Background Solar lentigines are common hyperpigmented lesions typically appearing after 50 years of age and associated with negative psychological effects in affected individuals. Topical depigmenting products, such as hydroquinone and even the Kligman's formula, are usually ineffective for treating lentigines. Stabilized cysteamine has been recently shown to be as effective as the modified Kligman's formula for treating melasma. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of a stabilized cysteamine on solar lentigines. Methods A vehicle-controlled, double-blind, and randomized ..read more
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Time to develop adverse drug reactions and associated factors among children HIV positive patients on antiretroviral treatment in North West Amhara Specialized Hospitals: Retrospective cohort study, 2022
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Mequanente Dagnaw, Meera Indracanti, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew, Esubalew Asmare Mekonnen, Muluken Tekle, Mulu Muche, Dagnachew Wassie Gelaw, Bogale Damtew Amera
3d ago
Abstract Introduction Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are harmful and unintended reactions to medicines given at standard doses through a proper route of administration for the purpose of prophylaxis, diagnosis, or treatment. Objective The objective of this research paper was to assess median time to development of ADRs and associated factors among children HIV positive patients on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in North West Amhara Specialized Hospitals. Methods The adverse drug effect survival time was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier survival method and log-rank test curves was applied for an ..read more
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The influence of the COVID‐19 pandemic on the spectrum of neonatal disease in a tertiary hospital in China: A retrospective analysis
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Yi Wang, Linhong Song, Ning Ma, Hao Li, Siqi Hu, Zhichun Feng
3d ago
Abstract Background and Aims Neonatal diseases are a significant threat to global public health, affecting the homeostasis and well-being of patients and reflecting the status of, and challenges to, regional, national, and global healthcare systems. This study sought to investigate how the disease spectrum observed among neonatal inpatients changed after the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods The present hospital-based retrospective study analyzed the demographic and clinical characteristics of 19,943 hospitalized newborns from January 2018 to December ..read more
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Health‐related quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: A cross‐sectional study in the cape coast metropolis
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Leticia Awontayami Amaama, George Nkrumah Osei, Perditer Okyere, Victor Obiri Opoku, Theophilus Junior Yankey, Tetteh Attoh, Mainprice Akuoko Essuman, Jacob Martey, Richard K D Ephraim
3d ago
Abstract Background and Aim Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has in recent decades become a global pandemic, accounting for over 90% of DM cases. The study evaluated the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) and identified its determinants among type 2 DM patients at the University of Cape Coast Hospital. Methods We conducted our study at the University of Cape Coast Hospital from January to March 2022. The EQ-5D-5L questionnaire was administered to 68 type 2 DM patients. Data were then inputted into Microsoft Excel and analyzed accordingly using IBM SPSS statistical software version 26 and Grap ..read more
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Identification and clinical value of a new ceRNA axis (TIMP3/hsa‐miR‐181b‐5p/PAX8‐AS1) in thyroid cancer
Wiley Online Library » Health Science Reports
by Jiamin Liang, Yu Deng, Yubi Zhang, Bin Wu, Jing Zhou
3d ago
Abstract Background Thyroid cancer (TC) is a prevalent and increasingly common malignant tumor. In most cases, TC progresses slowly and runs a virtually benign course. However, challenges remain with the treatment of refractory TC, which does not respond to traditional management or is subject to relapse or metastasis. Therefore, new therapeutic regimens for TC patients with poor outcomes are urgently needed. Methods The differentially expressed RNAs were identified from the expression profile data of RNA from TC downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Multiple databases we ..read more
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