An incidental case report of Disc Battery Ingestion in a child with congenital hearing loss
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<p>Foreign body ingestion in children is a serious problem encountered among children. Approximately 80% of cases of foreign body ingestions occur in children between the ages of six months and three years [1]. Button battery ingestion occurs at an estimate rate of ten in one million people per year, a small group of which are retained in the esophagus and later become complicated [2]. Button battery ingestion can lead to esophageal perforation and death within hours if not appropriately diagnosed [3].</p> ..read more
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Associations of adverse social determinants of health with missed well-child visits and the role of caregiver social support
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Objective: To examine the association between adverse social determinants of health (SDH) and missed well-child visits and the interaction with the level of caregiver social support.</p> <p>Methods: This is a secondary data analysis of data collected from a SDH screening program conducted during well-child visits with referral, navigation and follow-up services for patients. We included 573 adult caregivers who accompanied patients aged 0-5 years to well-child visits and completed the screening from August 2017 to May 2018. The caregivers repo ..read more
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Revisiting childhood pneumonia in low-recourse setting hospitals
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Introduction: Pneumonia, defined as infection of lung parenchyma, is associated with severe complications especially in the very young and old patients. It is the world&rsquo;s leading cause of childhood mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification and guidelines are commonly used in Sudan in the diagnosis and management of pneumonia patients. This review was the outcome of some researches done in Sudan by the author and his colleagues. Management Systems were evaluated to give complete end to end solutions for serving patients along ..read more
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Revisiting childhood pneumonia in low-recourse setting hospitals
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Introduction: Pneumonia, defined as infection of lung parenchyma, is associated with severe complications especially in the very young and old patients. It is the world&rsquo;s leading cause of childhood mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification and guidelines are commonly used in Sudan in the diagnosis and management of pneumonia patients. This review was the outcome of some researches done in Sudan by the author and his colleagues. Management Systems were evaluated to give complete end to end solutions for serving patients along ..read more
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Predictors of mortality in neonatal sepsis in a resource-limited setting
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Introduction: Sepsis remains a major cause of death in neonatal period. Although significant advances in diagnosis, therapeutic and prevention strategies have been noted, sepsis remains a common concern in clinical practice especially in low-resource countries. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of mortality in neonatal sepsis in Lubumbashi city (Democratic Republic of Congo).</p> <p>Methods: The records of newborns with sepsis managed in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in two University Hospitals between November 2019 and Oct ..read more
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A rare cause of neonatal diarrhoea: Microvillositary inclusion disease: about a case report
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Microvillositary inclusion disease also known as microvillositary atrophy is a rare congenital enteropathy containing a border abnormality in the brushes of enterocytes, manifesting as severe rebellious diarrhea in newborns and infants. It was first described in 1978 by Davidson, et al. The autosomal recessive mode of transmission is suggested because of the frequency of familial cases and inbreeding. Histopathology plays an essential role in establishing the diagnosis. In 2008, a common mutation was identified in most of the patients studied in the MYO5B ..read more
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Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma associated with Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Background: Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) is a rare vascular tumor that is present at birth and involutes during the first year of life. Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is a complication of some vascular tumors such as kaposiform hemangioendothelioma and tufted angioma associated with thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy.</p> <p>Results: The case of a 2-month-old infant with a diagnosis of RICH with thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorder, successfully treated with surgical excision without complications or recurrence is prese ..read more
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Clinical picture of pulmonary plague observed in the paediatric wards of antananarivo
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Introduction: In Madagascar, plague is a highly contagious acute endemic infectious disease. The diagnosis of the most severe form of pneumonic plague remains difficult in children, hence the objectives of the present study; which is to identify the clinical signs of this clinical form in children and to describe its epidemiological and evolutionary profile.</p> <p>Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted in four pediatric wards in Antananarivo during the urban pneumonic plague outbreak from September 2017 to January 2018.< ..read more
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Factors associated with diagnostic delay in children with Wilms’ tumor
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Abstract</h2> <p>Background: In Wilms&rsquo; tumor, the time elapsed between clinical diagnosis and the start of treatment is clearly associated with morbidity and mortality. As treatment delay can influence patient survival, identification of possible causes can mitigate the consequences arising from prolonged diagnostic uncertainty.</p> <p>Objective: To ascertain whether an initial diagnosis of Wilms&rsquo; tumor in the emergency department influences patient prognosis depending on the type of referral for definitive treatment.</p> <p>Pat ..read more
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Efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulins in the prophylaxis of neonatal sepsis
HSPI » Journal of Advanced Pediatrics and Child Health
by
3y ago
<h2>Summary</h2> <p>Despite critical care advances, robust antibiotic therapy and improved strategies in early detection and prevention of infection, the incidence of morbidity and mortality from neonatal sepsis worldwide in preterm and low birth weight neonates remains overwhelmingly high. Neonatal sepsis is characterised by a clinical syndrome of systemic signs of infection and bloodstream bacteraemia in newborns within the first months of life.</p> <p>The risk of sepsis in neonates is inversely proportional to gestational age and birth weight due to deficiency ..read more
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