Epidemiology of Piroplasm among Cattle of Ndé and Noun Divisions, West Region of Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Eteme Enama Serge, Makaila Ahmat Mahamat, Ambada Ndzengue Georgia Elna, Lontsi-Demano Michel, Mbaga Donatien Serge, Houmsou Robert Soumay, Njan Nlôga Alexandre Michel
1M ago
Context: In Cameroon, piroplasm infections have been reported among cattle, causing significant economic losses in the livestock industry. However, specific information about the epidemiology of piroplasm among cattle in Nde and Noun Divisions are limited. Aims: Highlight the prevalence of Piroplasm and the relationship between the blood density of Piroplasm and anaemia among cattle populations of Nde and Noun Divisions in the West region of Cameroon. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted during the rainy season from March to June 2022. Methods and Material: Blood samples from 5 ..read more
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Microbial Diversity, and Structure of Coastal Water Bodies from Some Cholera-prone Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Chidimma Anthonia Azike, Vivian Nkemkanma Agi, Ollor Amba Ollor, Easter Godwin Nwokah, Chinyere Ihuarulam Okoro, Confidence Kinikanwo Wachukwu
2M ago
Background: This study aimed to determine the microbial diversity and Community Structure of Coastal water bodies from some cholera-prone communities in Rivers State. Methods: Water samples were collected from water bodies located in six different cholera prone coastal communities in Rivers state three times each with the determination of coordinates each time using Global Positioning System (GPS). At each collection point, in-situ physicochemical parameters of water sources were determined using H198194, H198195, and H198196 multiparameter meters (Hanna Instrument Inc, USA). The water samples ..read more
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Chikungunya Virus Infections Unmasked from Suspected Malaria Febrile Patients in Northeastern Nigeria
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Marycelin M Baba, Bashir Muhammad, Yaga S Jackson, Kunle Ijaya, Bamidele Soji Oderinde
10M ago
Background: Chikungunya is an emerging global threat because of the unprecedented magnitude of its spread and highly debilitating disease. Objective: This study was informed by the need to use serological methods to unmask the chikungunya virus (CHIKV) from suspected malaria patients. Methodology: The ELISA IgM and PRNT90 (nAb) were used to assess the presence of CHIKV antibodies. Findings: Of 530 patients, 129 (24.3%) had CHIKV IgM, 199 (37.5%) neutralizing antibody (nAb) and 23 (4.3%) IgM + nAb. Only 4.3% of the patients and 43.9% of the IgM negatives had CHIKV nAb indicating acute and past ..read more
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Effect of Mobile Health on Modifying the Behaviouraland Physiological Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases in Adult HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Fako Division
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Tah Aldof Yoah, Nde Fon Peter, Tendongfor Nicholas, Enow Orock George, Anna Longdoh Njunda
1y ago
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have reached epidemic proportion among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and this could have a negative bearing on the quality of life and survival of these patients. The incorporation of a target specially dedicated to NCDs within the goal number 3 of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals indicates the importance the world now accords to the prevention and control of these diseases. Mobile phone technology is increasingly viewed as a promising communication channel that can be utilized for primary prevention of NCDs by promoting behavioural ..read more
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Prevalence, Risk Factors and Treatment Outcomes of Congenital Malaria among Neonates Hospitalized in Hospitals of Douala, Cameroon
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Thomas Kuete, Raïssa Anne Chantal Aurelie Moukoko Doualla, Danièle Keddy Mangamba, Mathio Esther Barla, Diomede Noukeu, Cecile Okalla, Albert Same Ekobo
1y ago
The relevance of transplacental acquired malaria is still not clear in many malaria endemic areas. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and antimalarial treatment outcomes of laboratory-confirmed congenital malaria cases in Douala. Methodology. This was a hospitalized-based cross-sectional study undertaken among under seven days neonates hospitalized between January 2018 and May 2018 in the neonatalogy units of three Douala-based hospitals in Cameroon. For each eligible neonate, maternal and perinatal data were collected. The newborn was immediately examined for phy ..read more
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The Theory of Urban Endemo-Epidemiogenesis
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Pr Meva’a Abomo Dominique
2y ago
The Theory of urban endemo-epidemiogenesis is a general explanatory hypothesis of the processes of emergence and geographic spread of infectious diseases in the city. According to this theory, each city has an urban geosystem of endemo-epidemies structured in two hemispheres, which are in constant opposition or confrontation. The first one is the precursor-hemisphere that is composed to four specific systems: (1) the pathogen, (2) vulnerability, (3) classic itineraries of dissemination and (4) channels of dissemination systems. The second one is the resilient-hemisphere that is also composed t ..read more
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Vaccination Coverage, Discrepancies and Trends in Measles Epidemics in the North West Region of Cameroon
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Wasu Chrispus Nchandone, Ginette Claude Mireille Kalla, Njamnshi Alfred Nkongnyu, Same Ekobo Albert, Assob Jules Clement Nguedia
2y ago
Background: Measles, because of its burden of morbidity and mortality, is one of the most important diseases targeted by immunization. Caused by a virus, it is very contagious and therefore requires vaccination during the first year to avoid serious complications. Global death toll was over 140,000 persons in 2018. In recent years, measles cases have increased and outbreaks recorded due to declining vaccination coverage worldwide. Thus, countries that were previously declared measles-free and preparing to eliminate measles are still recording cases. This increase in measles incidence has also ..read more
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Characterization of Breeding Habitats and Larval Abundance of Malaria Vectors across Selected Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), in Morogoro Region, Tanzania
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Mbogo N. Kija, Sharadhuli I. Kimera, Ladslaus L. Mnyone
2y ago
Mosquitos continue to be insects of global attention for several centuries due to their ability to inhabit a wide range of ecological conditions that enable them to breed in diversified environments. The Anopheles species particularly the female mosquito is the main vector for malaria transmission in human. In Tanzania, for many years the control of malaria transmission is centered on attacking adult mosquitoes lagging behind the immature stages of the vector. Therefore, area- specific identification and characterization of mosquito breeding sites is important towards designing effective vecto ..read more
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Knowledge, Attitude and Perceptions of Socio-ecological and Socio-anthropological Determinants of COVID-19 in Lusaka District of Zambia
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Fri A. Fonchin, Linda Basikolo, Simegnew A. Kallu, Henson Kainga, Jezreel Mwiinde, Vistorina Benhard
2y ago
Background: The Corona Virus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a disease of public health concern by the WHO in January 2020, one month after its emergent. Efforts have been made to raise and improve public awareness of COVID-19. Zambia has reported repeated waves of the COVID-19 pandemic with highest transmissions in Lusaka, the Copperbelt, and Ndola districts. Populations’ knowledge, attitude, and perceptions (KAPs) towards COVID-19 have impacts on control and prevention measures. Despite the collection of research on KAPs towards COVID-19, the KAP of socio-ecological and socio-anthrop ..read more
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Association between Occupational Risks of Exposure to Pesticides and Respiratory Symptoms among Organic and non Organic Farmworkers
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
by Rose D. Owisso, Joseph S. Bukalasa, Raphael J. Mwezi, Julius S. Maleto, Frida R. Mgonja, Robinson H. Mdegela
2y ago
Respiratory problem is one of the main occupational health challenges faced by farmworkers, it can occur while preparing and applying pesticides and during tasks in recently sprayed fields. Symptoms associated with different respiratory problems include coughing, wheezing and airway inflammation are commonly observed among farmworkers who are occupationally exposed to pesticides. In low and middle-income countries, epidemiological evidence for the association between occupational exposure to pesticides and respiratory diseases in adults is limited. The study employed a cross-sectional survey t ..read more
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