Delays in Colorectal Cancer Screening for Latino Patients: The Role of Immigrant Healthcare in Stemming the Rising Global Incidence of Colorectal Cancer
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
The significant global burden of colorectal cancer accentuates disparities in access to preventive healthcare in most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as well as large sections of underserved populations within high-income countries. The barriers to colorectal cancer screening in economically transitioning Latin America are multiple. At the same time, immigration from these countries to the USA continues to increase. This case highlights the delays in diagnosis experienced by a recent immigrant from a country with no established colorectal cancer screening program, to an immigrant popu ..read more
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Primary Non-Function of Hepatic Allograft With Preexisting Microvesicular Steatosis/Foamy Degeneration and Mild Large-Droplet Macrovesicular Steatosis
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
It has been established that more than mild large-droplet macrovesicular steatosis (LD-MAS) is associated with increased risk of graft non-function. In contrast, even severe small-droplet macrovesicular steatosis (SD-MAS) has been found to be less prognostically significant. It remains unclear if a donor liver with diffuse microvesicular steatosis is associated with an increased risk of graft dysfunction. A 56-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis was transplanted with a liver from a 42-year-old overweight male donor after brain death. The frozen section of the donor liver biopsy taken at har ..read more
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Fulminant Emphysematous Pancreatitis: Diagnosis Time Counts
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
Emphysematous pancreatitis (EP), a severe form of necrotizing infection of the pancreas, is an extremely rare medical emergency with high rates of mortality. It is characterized by intraparenchymal pancreatic or peri-pancreatic air due to either monomicrobial or polymicrobial infection with gas-forming bacteria or due to entero-pancreatic fistula. EP is classified according to timing from disease onset when air bubble signs were detected on computed tomography (CT) scan, as early onset (within 2 weeks from disease onset) or late (more than 2 weeks from disease onset). While most cases of acute ..read more
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Clinicopathological Aspects and Inflammation-Immune Markers in Alcohol and/or Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients Treated With Sorafenib
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the outcomes of patients under treatment vary. Since the roles of clinicopathological aspects and markers of chronic inflammation/immune homeostasis in the outcome of HCC patients treated with sorafenib are still unclear, these were the aims of this study. Methods: Patients with alcohol-induced and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced HCC (n = 182) uniformly treated with sorafenib were included in the study. Baseline clinicopathological aspects of patients were computed from the medical records. Th ..read more
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A Real-World Experience on a Chinese Population of Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With Nivolumab
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
Background: For unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), nivolumab (anti-programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1)) is used as non-curative interventions. The aim of the study was to focus on the real-world experience of nivolumab applied to patients with HCC. Methods: Unresectable HCC patients receiving nivolumab treatments at Taichung Veterans General Hospital, from June 2018 to May 2020, were recruited. Exclusion criteria were Child-Pugh stage C, poor performance status, a lack of compliance or intolerable to drug treatments. The tumor radiological responses and survival outcomes of enrolled p ..read more
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Alcohol Relapse After Early Liver Transplantation in Patients With Alcoholic Liver Disease: A Meta-Analysis
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
Background: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a significant source of end-stage liver disease and liver failure and an indication for liver transplant (LT). Historically, LT for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) required 6 months of alcohol abstinence. Recently, it has been demonstrated that early LT (< 6 months of abstinence) in strictly selected group of patients provides survival benefit while keeping the relapse to harmful drinking at acceptable levels. This practice has been reflected in the Dallas consensus, but more data are needed to appropriately risk stratify the patient from the perspect ..read more
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Pre- and Post-Implant Endoscopy in Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients: A Single-Center Experience
Gastroenterology Research
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3M ago
Background: Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is common in left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) patients, but the optimal screening approach before LVAD implantation is still unclear. The aim of the study was to describe our experience with pre- and post-LVAD implantation endoscopic screening and subsequent GI bleeding in this cohort. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted among all patients who underwent LVAD implantation at Saint Luke’s Hospital, between 2010 and 2020. The data were reviewed to determine the yield and safety of endoscopic procedures performed within 1 month before LV ..read more
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Identifying Key Genes to the Early Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease by Integrating Analysis at the Blood and Tissue Levels
Gastroenterology Research
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6M ago
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is challenging to diagnose, and frequently relapses, significantly affecting patients’ quality of life. Despite extensive efforts, the pathogenesis of IBD remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we integrated bioinformatics analysis and animal disease model to investigate IBD from two dimensions to identify potential diagnostic biomarkers and explore the pathogenesis of distinct conditions at tissue-specific levels. Results: Firstly, we identified dysferlin (DYSF) and C-X-C motif chemoki ..read more
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Serum Activin A Is a Novel Biomarker of Endoscopic Activity in Ulcerative Colitis
Gastroenterology Research
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6M ago
Background: Endoscopic healing (EH) is the long-term therapeutic goal for ulcerative colitis (UC). Since repeated colonoscopies are inconvenient and invasive, a surrogate biomarker for endoscopic activity is needed. Activin A is one of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins and has been shown to be associated with intestinal inflammation. Methods: This single-center observational study included 27 Japanese patients with UC in clinical remission who underwent colonoscopy and blood sampling. We investigated the correlations between laboratory parameters, including serum acti ..read more
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Marital Status Is a Prognostic Factor for Cardiovascular Mortality but Not a Prognostic Factor for Cancer Mortality in Siewert Type II Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction
Gastroenterology Research
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6M ago
Background: The impact of marital status on the prognosis of patients with Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the esophagogatric junction (AEG) remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate the associations of marital status with cancer-specific death risk and cardiovascular death risk in Siewert type II AEG patients. Methods: Data for Siewert type II AEG patients were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 2010 to 2015. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to reduce inter-group bias between the married and unmarried groups. Kaplan-Meier ana ..read more
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