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Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
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Colorectal Cancer Prevention and Chat Generative Pretrained Transformer (ChatGPT)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
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Prevalence of Anti-Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Antibodies (ASCA) in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). A Case-control Study
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of gut-brain interaction that affects patients’ quality. Recent research has shown variations in the mycobiome of individuals with IBS, particularly involving Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and its association with dysbiosis and visceral hypersensitivity. However, the role of Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) in IBS remains unclear, despite their significance as markers of disease severity in inflammatory bowel disease. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the role of ASCA in Mexican IBS patients compared with healthy cont ..read more
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Elastography for Evaluation of Regression in Liver Fibrosis After Surgical Biliary Drainage for Benign Biliary Strictures: A Practical Possibility?
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Background: Hepatic fibrosis and secondary biliary cirrhosis are consequences of long-standing benign biliary strictures. Evidence on the reversibility of fibrosis after the repair is incongruous. Methodology: A prospective observational study on patients who underwent Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy for benign biliary stricture. A liver biopsy was performed during repair and correlated with preoperative elastography. The improvement in liver functions and regression of fibrosis was compared with preoperative liver function tests and elastography. Results: A Total of 47 patients [mean age—38.9 y ..read more
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Perceived Need for Mental Health Care in a Cohort of Persons With Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Background: Psychiatric comorbidity is common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and can negatively affect disease outcomes. We explored the perceived need for mental health care among persons with IBD. Study: Persons with IBD completed self-report questionnaires, including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and reported whether they wanted help with their mood. Each was also assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis-I Disorders (SCIDs). We used logistic regression analyses to determine factors associated with the perceived need for mental health care ..read more
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Improving Adherence to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Managing Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Among Gastroenterologists at a US Academic Institution
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Background: Clinical guidelines reserve endoscopic surveillance after a gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) diagnosis for high-risk patients. However, it is unclear how closely guidelines are followed in clinical practice. We examined the effectiveness of a standardized protocol for the management of GIM among gastroenterologists at a US hospital. Methods: This was a preintervention and postintervention study, which included developing a protocol and education of gastroenterologists on GIM management. For the preintervention study, 50 patients with GIM were randomly selected from a histopathol ..read more
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Effects of Early Versus Delayed Feeding in Patients With Acute Pancreatitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Background: The aim of this study was to summarize the optimal strategy for early feeding in patients with acute pancreatitis. Methods: The search was undertaken in electronic databases, which compared early with delayed feeding in acute pancreatitis. The primary outcome was the length of hospital stay (LOHS). The second outcomes were intolerance of refeeding, mortality, and total cost of each patient. This meta-analysis followed the “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses” guideline. Research is registered by PROSPERO, CRD42020192133. Results: A total of 20 trials ..read more
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Agave tequilana Fructans Versus Psyllium plantago for Functional Constipation: Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Goal: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of supplementation with Agave tequilana Weber blue variety fructans (Predilife) in the improvement of symptoms in functional constipation. Background: Fiber supplementation is the first-line treatment for constipation. Fibers-like fructans have a known prebiotic effect. Materials and Methods: A randomized, double-blind, study comparing agave fructans (AF) against psyllium plantago (PP). Four groups were randomized. Group 1: AF 5 g (Predilife), group 2: AF 10 g (Predilife), group 3: AF 5 g (Predilife)+10 g maltodextrin ..read more
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Esophageal Lichen Planus: A Descriptive Multicenter Report
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Goals: To better understand the characteristics, treatment approaches, and outcomes of patients with esophageal lichen planus (ELP). Background: ELP is a rare, often unrecognized and misdiagnosed disorder. Data on this unique patient population are currently limited to small, single-center series. Study: A multicenter, retrospective descriptive study was conducted of adults diagnosed with ELP over a 5-year period, between January 1, 2015, and October 10, 2020, from 7 centers across the United States. Results: Seventy-eight patients (average age 65 y, 86% female, 90% Caucasian) were includ ..read more
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Influence of Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors on Predictive Value of a Positive Multitarget Stool DNA Test
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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2M ago
Goals: We analyzed if the predictive value of multitarget stool-based DNA (mt-sDNA) varied when patients had pre-existing known colorectal cancer (CRC) risk factors. Background: mt-sDNA test is approved for CRC screening in average-risk patients. Whether patients with a personal history of adenomatous colon polyps or a family history of CRC (CRC risk factors) benefit from mt-sDNA testing is unknown. Study: We reviewed charts for all positive mt-sDNA referrals between 2017 and 2021. Diagnostic colonoscopy adherence rates were calculated. In those who had colonoscopy, we compared detection rates ..read more
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