Navigating Chronic Illness Care Amidst a Global Pandemic: Insights from Missed Clinic Visits Before, During and After COVID-19 in Nigeria
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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2h ago
BackgroundAnti-pandemic measures hampered healthcare services delivery globally with a revolting impact on access to routine care at clinics. This study assessed the frequency of missed outpatient clinic visits before, during and after COVID-19 pandemic and the factors influencing such among patients with chronic diseases.MethodsA hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 patients with chronic diseases attending outpatient clinics at University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Data was collected using a pretested interviewer-administered semi-structured question ..read more
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Measles Epidemiology in South India -2024
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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18h ago
Aims: Measles has made an unbidden retaliation as a resurgent infection and India is one of the worst-hit countries. The present study was reveals that measles positivity increases due to the non-vaccination of SARS- CoV-19 lockdown as risk factor for recent outbreak of measles. Materials and methods: This was a Laboratory-based study carried out in Microbiological Laboratory (MBL) Tamil Nadu, India. Patients between 1 month to 83 years of age admitted to hospital between January 2024 and March 2024 were included in the study. The sample collected from suspected patients were analyzed for meas ..read more
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Ecological study of the epidemiology of allergy in Spain: a 25-year time-series study: Quantitative data supporting the allergy increase
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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1M ago
Abstract Background: Allergic diseases are among the most frequent causes of chronic pathology and it is estimated that their prevalence has been increasing for years. It is interesting to conducted ecological studies with aggregated data, taking into account social and economic factors, as they are scarce, especially in the adult population. Methods: An ecological cross-sectional observational study has been conducted using anonymized, aggregated data from the National Health Survey. The data used are from the years 1993, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2014 and 2017 (a 25-year seri ..read more
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Child Sexual Abuse among Street Children: A comparative study of On-Street and Of-Street children in Port Harcourt Metropolis, South-South, Nigeria
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
by
2M ago
BackgroundThis study compares child sexual abuse (CSA) among on and of-the-street children in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Acknowledging the vulnerability of these children because of their work as street vendors. For street children, child sexual exploitation, which involves sexual engagement beyond the age of consent or understanding, has serious hazards, including the potential for being exposed to sexually transmitted infections (STI). The study intends to close this gap by performing a comparative study between on and of street children.MethodsA sample of 287 street children, ages 8 to 18, wer ..read more
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Sociodemographic diversities of the anatomical anthropometries in the wrist of Egyptians -A cross-sectional study in 2021-2022
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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2M ago
Background: Radiographic assessment of the wrist joint is crucial in restoring the structural and functional anatomy. Gender, age, and race-dependent diversities were recorded. This study aimed to evaluate some radiographic parameters in the wrist and correlate them with each other and with the sociodemographic characters. Methods: 238 posteroanterior plain x-ray wrist images were collected from the radiology department in Zagazig University hospitals during the period 2021-2022 and assessed. Radial cord, radial height, radial inclination, ulnar variance, scaphoid length, lunate length, scapho ..read more
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Trends on Modern Family Planning Methods in Abuja, Nigeria (2010 - 2021)
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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4M ago
This study presents a thorough analysis of family planning methods and forecasting models using data from the Family Health Care Clinic in Abuja, Nigeria. The study reveals a significant variation in the usage of modern family planning methods. Notably, male condoms exhibit a wide range of usage patterns, as indicated by their relatively high standard deviation (624.657). Female condoms, on the other hand, demonstrate the highest coefficient of variation (CV) at 90.44%, suggesting the greatest relative variation among the methods. Skewness and kurtosis measurements reveal distinct usage patter ..read more
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Numerical Analysis of the Sixth to Eighth Waves of the COVID-19 Epidemic in Tokyo and Control of the Number of Persons Tested for Outbreak Suppression
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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5M ago
BackgroundIt is highly desirable to analyze the transition of infection and removal rates and vaccination effect in the largest epidemic waves 6, 7, 8 in Tokyo, using available data and to investigate an effective countermeasure to suppress the epidemic outbreak. MethodsWe proposed a new IR model of the epidemic, in which I and R include both the symptomatic and exposed persons. Based on this model, numerical methods were formulated to determine the infection and removal rates and vaccination effect. To reduce the maximum number of daily positives Rd, we proposed a method to control the number ..read more
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Maternal Inflammation, Offspring Neurobehavioral Health, and Perinatal Correlates in the Healthy Start Study
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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5M ago
Background: In utero exposure to elevated inflammation due to acute experiences may negatively impact offspring neurodevelopment, but less is known about the effects of low-grade chronic inflammation. We aimed to investigate prenatal inflammation, indicated by biomarkers of low-grade chronic inflammation, as an in utero programming mechanism for neurodevelopment, and examine the extent to which these associations are explained by perinatal characteristics. Methods: In 489 mother-offspring pairs in the Healthy Start cohort, we used linear regression to examine associations of prenatal C-reactiv ..read more
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Public health perspectives of human wellbeing
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
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6M ago
BACKGROUND: Human Wellbeing (HWB) is used synonymously with health and should be considered in measuring health status at both individual and community levels. METHODS: In this narrative literature review Google Scholar and PubMed were searched for published full texts English articles and websites using the key words wellbeing in combination with definition, types, measurement and importance. All retrieved literatures were screened for inclusion in the review. The most relevant and recent articles were included. RESULTS: This review summarizes the different definitions of HWB and its related ..read more
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Forecasting the trend on road traffic crashes and its attendant fatalities in Nigeria (1960 -2020)
International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences
by
6M ago
Background: Despite efforts to improve road safety, the number of road traffic crashes and fatalities in Nigeria remains high. This has contributed to the number of mortality rates recorded in Nigeria. The study set out to model and forecast the trend in road traffic crashes and its attendant fatalities in Nigeria. Methods: The study used a descriptive retrospective design to analyze the trend of road traffic crashes and attendant fatalities in Nigeria. The study utilized secondary data from the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) database covering a period of sixty years from 1960 to 2020. Resul ..read more
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