Does India Need to Rethink the Inclusion of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) Vaccine in the National Immunization Schedule?
Epidemiology International
by Sneha Kumari, Sunanda Gupta, Mitasha Singh, Jugal Kishore
1M ago
Mumps is an acute infectious disease caused by an RNA virus classified under the genus Rubulavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. This virus has a preference for glandular and nervous tissues. Mostly children in the age group of 5–9 years are affected. It can involve older age groups also but as age advances, this disease becomes more severe. In this disease, both clinical and subclinical cases exist. Subclinical cases account for 30–40% of all cases. The most common presentation in children is pain and swelling in either one or both sides of the parotid glands. The child has puffy cheeks and ..read more
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A Retrospective Analysis of Cervical Cytology Using Pap Smear among Symptomatic Women Attending Gynaecology OPD in a Secondary Care Hospital in Northern India
Epidemiology International
by Ravneet Kaur, Shashi Kant, Shalli, Rama Shankar Rath
3M ago
Background: Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in India. It develops well-defined premalignant lesions before the development of invasive lesions, and hence, early diagnosis and treatment may prevent progression to advanced stages. Papanicolaou (Pap) smear examination is a useful screening tool for cervical cancer. However, it is resource-intensive and requires skilled manpower. In routine outpatient settings in tertiary care facilities, Pap smear examination is conducted among symptomatic women. Analysis of such data may provide useful information regardi ..read more
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Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease: Public Health Perspectives in India
Epidemiology International
by Prof. (Dr.) Jugal Kishore, Manasi Panda
1y ago
How to cite this article: Kishore J, Panda M. Dementia and Alzheimer’s Ddisease: Public Health Perspectives in India. Epidem Int. 2023;8(2):1-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2455.7048.202303 ..read more
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Status of Malaria in the W.H.O. Region of Africa
Epidemiology International
by Arvind Nath
1y ago
Background: No attempt had been made so far to compare the status of Malaria in countries belonging to the W.H.O. Region of Africa. This study is an attempt in that direction. Objectives: The objective of this paper is to present a birds-eye view of the Malaria situation in the W.H.O. Region of Africa. Methods: The study design included online searches related to Malaria for each country such as from the W.H.O. as well as other international organization websites. Results: Four countries (Algeria, Lesotho, Mauritius, and Seychelles) are certified to be free from Malaria. Cabo Verde, which has ..read more
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Qualitative study on perception of parents, pan shop vendor’s and teachers about tobacco use among school going students to understand the reason of tobacco use.
Epidemiology International
by Nikhil Patil, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Prakash Narayanan, Kranti Rayamane, Prasad Rane
1y ago
Background: Tobacco use among school children is a serious problem in India. This study aims to understand the perception of parents, pan shop vendor’s and teachers about tobacco use among school-going students in South Mumbai. Methods: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted in South Mumbai among pan shop vendors, parents, and teachers to understand the reason for tobacco use among school going children. Results: Qualitative analysis revealed that students consume tobacco because of their family background, peer pressure, bad friendship, TV and media. Washrooms and rooftops are common ..read more
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Which Indicator Should Be Used to Monitor Malaria Elimination in India?
Epidemiology International
by Arvind Nath
1y ago
The Annual Parasite Incidence (API) is currently being used by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Prog ramme (NVBDCP) as an indicator to monitor malaria elimination efforts in states and union territories. This article is an attempt to find out how effective is the API as a tool to measure malaria elimination efforts in the country by reviewing documents published by the NVBDCP (for 2018 data) and National Statistical Office (for 2021 data) and by doing a web search. It was found that in the 2018 data set, there was no direct correlation between API and the number of malaria cases. Even ..read more
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Status of Malaria in the W.H.O. Western Pacific Region
Epidemiology International
by Arvind Nath
1y ago
Objective: The objective of this paper is to present a birds-eye view of the Malaria situation in the W.H.O. West ern Pacific Region. Methods: The methods included online searches related to Malaria for each country such as from W.H.O., World Bank and journal articles as well as national program documents. Findings: Twenty-eight countries, territories, and areas (American Samoa, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Kiribati, Macao SAR, Marshall Islands, Federa ted States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand ..read more
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Self-Care and Preventive Measures of Coronavirus: Evidence from India
Epidemiology International
by Manoj Kumar, Satyanarayan Kishan Kothe, Renu Bala, Surendra Kumar Sagar, Chanam Sonia Devi, K. Kaveri Krishna, Kapil Kaushik, Mohini Saran
1y ago
Introduction: Coronavirus cases increased across countries so quickly, and in response, no country was ready to handle it. India is the most populous country; inadequate healthcare infrastructure and lack of insurance coverage were the main concerns. Here, self-care and preventive measure is the only option to deal with the pandemic and such virus. Objective: To analyze the awareness about the self-care and preventive measures for Coronavirus in India. Methods: This study analyses the self-care and preventive measures taken against the Coronavirus by the people in India. The study collected th ..read more
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Can Rabies Infection have an Abortive Phase? Need for Further Evidence to Understand Rabies Epidemiology
Epidemiology International
by Omesh Kumar Bharti
1y ago
How to cite this article: Bharti OK. Can Rabies Infection have an Abortive Phase? Need for Further Evidence to Understand Rabies Epidemiology. Epidem Int. 2022;7(2):17-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2455.7048.202209 ..read more
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Safety Profile of COVID-19 Vaccination among Adolescents in India - An Initial Experience
Epidemiology International
by Poornima Tiwari, Amit Kumar, Jugal Kishore, Anirudh Saxena, Pranav Ish, Ravindra Nath, SJH Adolescent Vaccination Working Group
1y ago
Introduction: The government of India announced a nationwide mass vaccination drive for adolescents 15-17 years of age from 3rd January 2022. This announcement was considered a welcome measure by public health experts to increase vaccination coverage throughout the nation. This study was undertaken to understand the safety profile of COVID-19 vaccination among initial adolescent recipients. Methodology: The first 500 such beneficiaries (adolescents of age 15-18 years) who received COVAXIN were identified. All the vaccination beneficiaries were prospectively taken in the study. These children w ..read more
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