Episode 23: Psychic Signatures in Java!
Cryptography FM
by Symbolic Software
1y ago
On April 19th 2022, Neil Madden disclosed a vulnerability in many popular Java runtimes and development kits. The vulnerability, dubbed "Psychic Signatures", lies in the cryptography for ECDSA signatures and allows an attacker to bypass signature checks entirely for these signatures. How are popular cryptographic protocol implementations in Java affected? What's the state of Java cryptography as a whole? Join Neil, Nadim and Lucas as they discuss. Music composed by Yasunori Mitsuda. Special Guest: Neil Madden. Sponsored By: Symbolic Software: Dr. Kobushi's Labyrinthine Laboratory® is a puzzle ..read more
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Episode 22: Three Lessons from Threema: Breaking a Secure Messenger!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
1y ago
Threema is a Swiss encrypted messaging application. It has more than 10 million users and more than 7000 on-premise customers. Prominent users of Threema include the Swiss Government and the Swiss Army, as well as the current Chancellor of Germany, Olaf Scholz. Threema has been widely advertised as a secure alternative to other messengers. Kenny, Kien and Matteo from the ETH Zurich Applied Cryptography Group present seven attacks against the cryptographic protocols used by Threema, in three distinct threat models. All the attacks are accompanied by proof-of-concept implementations that demonst ..read more
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Episode 21: Proving Fundamental Equivalencies in Isogeny Mathematics!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
2y ago
Benjamin Wesolowski talks about his latest paper in which he mathematically proved that the two fundamental problems underlying isogeny-based cryptography are equivalent. Links and papers discussed in the show: The supersingular isogeny path and endomorphism ring problems are equivalent Episode 5: Isogeny-based Cryptography for Dummies! Music composed by Toby Fox and performed by Sean Schafianski. Special Guest: Benjamin Wesolowski. Sponsored By: Capsule Social: At Capsule Social, Inc. we are building a platform for decentralized discourse. A place where content creators, writers, and think ..read more
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Episode 20: Cryptanalysis of GPRS: GEA-1 and GEA-2!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
2y ago
A team of cryptanalysits presents the first publicly available cryptanalytic attacks on the GEA-1 and GEA-2 algorithms. Instead of providing full 64-bit security, they show that the initial state of GEA-1 can be recovered from as little as 65 bits of known keystream (with at least 24 bits coming from one frame) in time 240 GEA-1 evaluations and using 44.5 GiB of memory. The attack on GEA-1 is based on an exceptional interaction of the deployed LFSRs and the key initialization, which is highly unlikely to occur by chance. This unusual pattern indicates that the weakness is intentionally hidden ..read more
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Episode 19: Cross-Protocol Attacks on TLS with ALPACA!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
2y ago
TLS is an internet standard to secure the communication between servers and clients on the internet, for example that of web servers, FTP servers, and Email servers. This is possible because TLS was designed to be application layer independent, which allows its use in many diverse communication protocols. ALPACA is an application layer protocol content confusion attack, exploiting TLS servers implementing different protocols but using compatible certificates, such as multi-domain or wildcard certificates. Attackers can redirect traffic from one subdomain to another, resulting in a valid TLS se ..read more
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Episode 18: Optimizing Cryptography for Microcontrollers!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
3y ago
Nadim talks with Peter Schwabe and Matthias Kannwischer about the considerations — both in terms of security and performance — when implementing cryptographic primitives for low-level and embedded platforms. Links and papers discussed in the show: Optimizing crypto on embedded microcontrollers Implementing post-quantum cryptography on embedded microcontrollers Optimizing crypto on embedded microcontrollers (ASEC 2018) Music composed by Toby Fox and performed by Sean Schafianski. Special Guests: Matthias Kannwischer and Peter Schwabe. Sponsored By: Capsule Social: At Capsule Social, Inc. we ..read more
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Episode 17: Breaking Wi-Fi With Frame Attacks!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
3y ago
Wi-Fi is a pretty central technology to our daily lives, whether at home or at the office. Given that so much sensitive data is regularly exchanged between Wi-Fi devices, a number of standards have been developed to ensure the privacy and authentication of Wi-Fi communications. However, a recent paper shows that every single Wi-Fi network protection standard since 1997, from WEP all the way to WPA3, is exposed to a critical vulnerability that allows the exfiltration of sensitive data. How far does this new attack go? How does it work? And why wasn’t it discovered before? We’ll discuss this and ..read more
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Episode 16: Contact Discovery in Mobile Messengers!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
3y ago
Contact discovery is a core feature in popular mobile messaging apps such as WhatsApp, Signal and Telegram that lets users grant access to their address book in order to discover which of their contacts are on that messaging service. While contact discovery is critical for WhatsApp, Signal and Telegram to function properly, privacy concerns arise with the current methods and implementations of this feature, potentially resulting in the exposure of a range of sensitive information about users and their social circle. Do we really need to rely on sharing every phone number on our phone in order ..read more
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Episode 15: Bringing Secure Multiparty Computation to the Real World!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
3y ago
Secure multi-party computation is a fascinating field in cryptography, researching how to allow multiple parties to compute secure operations over inputs while keeping those inputs private. This makes multi-party computation a super relevant technology in areas such as code signing, hospital records and more. But what does it take to bring secure multi-party computation from the blank slate of academia and into the messiness of the real world? Today on Cryptography FM, we’re joined by Dr. Yehuda Lindell and Dr. Nigel Smart, from Unbound Security, to tell us about their research, their experien ..read more
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Episode 14: Schnorr, Factoring and Lattices!
Cryptography FM
by Nadim Kobeissi
3y ago
On March 1st, 2021, a curious paper appeared on the Cryptology ePrint Archive: senior cryptographer Claus Peter Schnorr submitted research that claims to use lattice mathematics to improve the fast factoring of integers so much that he was able to completely “destroy the RSA cryptosystem” -- certainly a serious claim. Strangely, while the paper’s ePrint abstract did mention RSA, the paper itself didn’t. Two days later, Schnorr pushed an updated version of the paper, clarifying his method. Does Schnorr’s proposed method for “destroying RSA” hold water, however? Some cryptographers aren’t convin ..read more
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