Coffee with milk may ease inflammation in humans
Futurity
by Michael Skov Jensen-Copenhagen
41m ago
Coffee with milk may have an anti-inflammatory effect in humans, a new study shows. Researchers found that a combination of proteins and antioxidants doubles the anti-inflammatory properties in immune cells. They hope to be able to study the health effects on humans. Whenever bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances enter the body, our immune systems react by deploying white blood cells and chemical substances to protect us. This reaction, commonly known as inflammation, also occurs whenever we overload tendons and muscles and is characteristic of diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. An ..read more
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Sticky plaque discovery sheds light on Alzheimer’s
Futurity
by Silvia Cernea Clark-Rice
41m ago
Researchers are using fluorescence lifetime to shed new light on a peptide associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Through a new approach using time-resolved spectroscopy and computational chemistry, the researchers found experimental evidence of an alternative binding site on amyloid-beta aggregates. The finding opens the door to the development of new therapies for Alzheimer’s and other diseases associated with amyloid deposits. Amyloid plaque deposits in the brain are a main feature of Alzheimer’s. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates Alzheimer’s will affect nearly 14 mill ..read more
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Mystery solved: Why switchgrass takes the summer off
Futurity
by Michigan State
4h ago
Researchers have solved a puzzle that could help switchgrass realize its full potential as a low-cost, sustainable biofuel crop and curb our dependence on fossil fuels. Among switchgrass’s attractive features are that it’s perennial, low maintenance, and native to many states in the eastern US. But it also has a peculiar behavior working against it that has stymied researchers—at least until now. Berkley Walker’s team in the plant biology department at Michigan State University has revealed why switchgrass stops performing photosynthesis in the middle of the summer—its growing season—limiting ..read more
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You can’t really tell who ‘looks trustworthy’
Futurity
by Amy McCaig-Rice University
4h ago
We can’t determine who’s trustworthy by looking at their appearance, research finds. “In 2001, George W. Bush proclaimed that he looked into Vladimir Putin’s eyes and found the Russian leader to be ‘trustworthy,'” the authors write in a paper on the work in the journal Political Behavior. “Many people claim to be able to read their counterparts in bargaining settings; there is little doubt that this would be a valuable skill.… How often do they get it right?” Not very often. Using decisions made in experimental trust games conducted in previous academic studies, Rice University political scie ..read more
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3 out of 4 parents agree social media distracts students
Futurity
by Avery Ruxer Franklin - Rice
4h ago
The vast majority of parents believe social media is a major distraction for students, according to a new nationwide study. For the online study, conducted in November and December, researchers surveyed a nationally representative sample of more than 10,000 parents of K-12 students. An overwhelming majority from across racial groups—African American (70%), Asian (72%), white (75%), Hispanic/Latino (70%)—agreed that social media is a distraction. Parents of children who attend private schools (82%) were more likely to see social media as a distraction than parents of children in public schools ..read more
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Can a cough syrup drug help people quit smoking?
Futurity
by Zachary Sweger-Penn State
4h ago
Medications like dextromethorphan that are used to treat coughs caused by cold and flu could potentially be repurposed to help people quit smoking cigarettes, a new study shows. The researchers developed a new machine learning method, where computer programs analyze data sets for patterns and trends, to identify the drugs and say that some of them are already being tested in clinical trials. Cigarette smoking is risk factor for cardiovascular disease, cancer, and respiratory diseases and accounts for nearly half a million deaths in the United States each year. While smoking behaviors can be l ..read more
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West Antarctica Ice Sheet collapse isn’t set in stone
Futurity
by U. Washington
3d ago
The pace and extent of ice destabilization along West Antarctica’s coast varies according to differences in regional climate, according to a new study. The researchers combined satellite imagery and climate and ocean records to obtain the most detailed understanding yet of how the West Antarctic Ice Sheet—which contains enough ice to raise global sea level by 11 feet, or 3.3 meters—is responding to climate change. The findings in Nature Communications show that while the West Antarctic Ice Sheet continues to retreat, the pace of retreat slowed in a key region between 2003 and 2015, drive ..read more
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What’s up with the high price of eggs?
Futurity
by Laura Muntean-Texas A&M
3d ago
There are three main factors behind rising egg prices, says Gregory Archer. As the price of eggs continues to climb in the United States, shoppers have been shelling out more money to get their hands on the common supermarket staple. In the face of these higher costs, some are even considering raising their own chickens at home. And many are wondering how long they’ll have to wait for prices to go back down. Archer is an associate professor in the poultry science department at Texas A&M University and an AgriLife Extension specialist. Here, he talks about the three main factors that are d ..read more
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Hairdressers of color are exposed to dangerous chemical mix
Futurity
by Jill Rosen-Johns Hopkins
3d ago
Black and Hispanic hairdressers are exposed to a complex mixture of chemicals, many of them unknown, potentially hazardous, and undisclosed on product labels, researchers report. The new study is the first to apply an advanced screening technique used to identify chemicals in food and wastewater to assess chemical exposures in hairdressers. The results, published in the Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, suggest more research is needed to better understand the risks for hairdressers, particularly those of color, and how best to mitigate them. “We know women are more h ..read more
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Color-changing material could warm or cool buildings
Futurity
by U. Chicago
3d ago
A chameleon-like building material changes its infrared color—and how much heat it absorbs or emits—based on the outside temperature. On hot days, the material can emit up to 92% of the infrared heat it contains, helping cool the inside of a building. On colder days, however, the material emits just 7% of its infrared, helping keep a building warm. “We’ve essentially figured out a low-energy way to treat a building like a person; you add a layer when you’re cold and take off a layer when you’re hot,” says assistant professor Po-Chun Hsu of the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Molecu ..read more
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