Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy Linked to Nulliparity, Older Age
Endocrinology Advisor
by melissaalvarez
19h ago
Despite poor discriminative ability, higher maternal age, higher body mass index (BMI), nulliparity, nonsmoking status, and thyroid autoimmunity are associated with a higher risk for gestational thyroid dysfunction, according to results of an individual-level meta-analysis published in Thyroid. Although targeted screenings for abnormal thyroid function in pregnancy consider risk factors for hypothyroidism, these factors have poor discriminatory power. For example, detection rates range between 75% and 85% among patients with overt hypothyroidism and between 54% and 60% among patients with subc ..read more
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Postmenopausal FSH Levels Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Risk
Endocrinology Advisor
by melissaalvarez
20h ago
Diabetes is associated with reduced levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) among postmenopausal women, according to study results published in the Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism. Although previous research findings suggest links between rising levels of FSH and cardiometabolic benefits during the transition to menopause, the association between FSH levels and diabetes among postmenopausal individuals remains unclear. To clarify the association between FSH levels and glycemic disturbances in menopause, researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis sourcing data fr ..read more
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Higher Dietary Quality at Breast Cancer Diagnosis Linked to Lower CVD Risk
Endocrinology Advisor
by Haymarket Media
20h ago
HealthDay News — Higher diet quality at diagnosis of breast cancer is associated with a lower risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and death, especially the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet quality index, according to a study published online April 17 in JNCI Cancer Spectrum. Isaac J. Ergas, Ph.D., M.P.H., from Kaiser Permanente Northern California in Oakland, and colleagues examined whether higher diet quality at breast cancer diagnosis was related to a lower risk for CVD and CVD-related death in a prospective cohort of women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between 2 ..read more
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Few Cancer Survivors Fully Adherent to ACS Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines
Endocrinology Advisor
by Haymarket Media
20h ago
HealthDay News — Only 4 percent of cancer survivors are fully adherent to current American Cancer Society (ACS) nutrition and physical activity guidelines, according to a study published online April 18 in JAMA Oncology. Carter Baughman, M.D., from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System using survey administration years 2017, 2019, and 2021. The primary outcome was adherence to current ACS nutrition and physical activity guidelines. A total of 10,020 respondents reported com ..read more
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Improvements in Diagnosis of Medical Device-Related ACD Necessary in Patients With Diabetes
Endocrinology Advisor
by Aleta Terrill
20h ago
In patients with diabetes, the prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by medical devices such as glucose sensors and insulin pumps may be underestimated, according to study results published in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology & Venereology. Following PRISMA guidelines, researchers conducted a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis to assess the prevalence and incidence of dermatitis, particularly ACD, associated with use of medical devices in close, prolonged contact with the skin for treatment and monitoring of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Data w ..read more
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With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Comes Higher Rates of Renal and Thyroid Cancer
Endocrinology Advisor
by Vincent Soreca
20h ago
Renal and thyroid cancer rates are 16% and 10% higher, respectively, in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to research published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. These patients also experience a higher risk of nerve tumors and skin cancer, but a reduced risk of stomach cancer, the study shows. Previous research has indicated that there is a relationship between AMD and cancer, but no study has pinpointed particularly related forms of cancer. The researchers utilized data of 4,088,814 individuals who were part of the Korean National Health Insurance Service ..read more
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Should Dermatologists Offer Emergency Contraception When Prescribing Isotretinoin?
Endocrinology Advisor
by Jeanelle Jacobs
20h ago
Should dermatologists prescribe emergency contraception at isotretinoin visits and is there a need for more education about emergency contraception for dermatologists prescribing isotretinoin? The answer is yes to both. Access to emergency contraception is essential for patients taking isotretinoin, a known teratogen, according to the authors of a Viewpoint article in JAMA Dermatology. Since the implementation of iPLEDGE REMs program in 2006, the number of pregnancies occurring among women taking isotretinoin has decreased, however, there is still an average of 200 to 300 pregnancies annually ..read more
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Childhood Sleep Latency Associated With Depression, ADHD in Adolescence
Endocrinology Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
20h ago
Children with prolonged sleep latency are at increased risk for symptoms of depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct issues, and oppositional behavior in adolescence, according to findings from a longitudinal study published in Sleep Advances. Childhood sleep problems are relatively common, such as trouble falling asleep and frequent night wakings. Previous research has found that sleep problems early in development can often either co-occur or precede mental health problems and disorders such as anxiety, depression, and ADHD. However, relatively little is known abo ..read more
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Full Term Birth, Low Birth Weight Linked to Poor Growth Outcomes
Endocrinology Advisor
by melissaalvarez
2d ago
Children born full term with low birth weight have worse growth trajectories than those born preterm, according to study findings published in Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Infants born preterm or full term with low birth weight are at high risk of experiencing poor growth during childhood. However, the effect of low birth weight on growth trajectory remains unclear.   To determine the effects of gestational age and birth weight on growth trajectories, South Korean researchers conducted a nationwide cohort study. Participants were children born preterm or full term with low birth ..read more
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Sarcopenic Obesity Linked to Increased Risk for All-Cause Mortality
Endocrinology Advisor
by melissaalvarez
2d ago
Sarcopenic obesity is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality over a 10-year follow-up, according to study findings published in JAMA Network Open. Although sarcopenia and obesity are independently linked to adverse outcomes, the relationship between sarcopenic obesity and mortality risk remains unclear. To assess the population-level prevalence of sarcopenic obesity and its association with mortality risk, researchers sourced data from the Rotterdam Study, an ongoing prospective, population-based cohort study. Participants were aged at least 45 years with available measureme ..read more
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