Existential Inertia and Classical Theistic Proofs
ex-apologist
by exapologist
12h ago
Regular readers of this blog will know that Schmid and Linford's terrific book, Existential Inertia and Classical Theistic Proofs is now out with Springer. Here's the blurb: This book critically assesses arguments for the existence of the God of classical theism, develops an innovative account of objects’ persistence, and defends new arguments against classical theism. The authors engage the following classical theistic proofs: Aquinas’s First Way, Aquinas’s De Ente argument, and Feser’s Aristotelian, Neo-Platonic, Augustinian, Thomistic, and Rationalist proofs.  The authors als ..read more
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Robert Bass' Important New Paper on Divine Command Theory...
ex-apologist
by exapologist
1w ago
 ...which is also the winner of the 2022 APA Journal of Value Inquiry Prize, is now out, Here's the abstract to whet your appetite: Recent divine command theorists make a serious and impressive case that a sophisticated divine command theory has significant metaethical advantages and can adequately meet traditional objections, such as the Euthyphro problem. I survey the attempt sympathetically with a view to explaining how the divine command theory can deal with traditional objections while delivering on metaethical desiderata, such as providing an account of ethical objectivity. I argue ..read more
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Steinhart's New Defense of Atheistic Platonism
ex-apologist
by exapologist
1M ago
Excited to see that Eric Steinhart's book, Atheistic Platonism: A Manifesto is now out with Palgrave MacMillan. Here's the blurb to whet your appetite: Atheistic Platonism is an alternative to both theism and nihilistic atheism. It shows how any jobs allegedly done by God are better done by impersonal Platonic objects. Without Platonic objects, atheism degenerates into an illogical nihilism.  Atheistic Platonism instead provides reality with foundations that are eternal, necessary, rational, beautiful, and utterly mindless. It argues for a plenitude of mathematical objects, and an infinit ..read more
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The Argument from Absences
ex-apologist
by exapologist
2M ago
(This argument was suggested to me by Joe Schmid.) Here’s an another argument that to add to the list. It proceeds from a principle about absences that several able philosophers defend (E.g., Kris McDaniel): Necessarily, an absence of Fs exists when there are no Fs. Suppose the principle is true. Now go to a possible world in which God refrains from creating (assume, as traditional theism does, that God has leeway freedom in creating). In that world, there are contingent things uncreated by God (namely, absences of creatures). But according to traditional theism's aseity-sovereignty doctrine ..read more
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Smilansky's New Pascalian Wager for Atheism
ex-apologist
by exapologist
3M ago
Smilansky, Saul. "Reversing Pascal's Wager: Scepticism About Religious Belief and Its Value", Religious Studies (forthcoming).  Here's the abstract: Pascal famously argued that practical reasoning should lead people to try to form within themselves a commitment to religious practice and obedience, based upon a belief in God. I propose to take a less ambitious argument, which I call the Sensible Argument, and use it to present The Puzzle. I argue that there is a huge puzzle here, about the radical dissonance between the beliefs and practices of many of the purportedly religious. There are ..read more
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The Argument from Logic
ex-apologist
by exapologist
4M ago
Rough draft: Post stub. The fact that orthodox theists, from at least Augustine and all the way to the present, have seen logic as the expression of single, rational, divine Mind is at least some evidence that theism expects and predicts logical monism. But the case against logical monism is more plausible than the case for logical monism. But the truth of the disjunction of logical pluralism and logical nihilism is prima facie more surprising on theism than on naturalism. Therefore, the case for the disjunction of logical pluralism and logical nihilism provides at least some ev ..read more
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American Christian Majority Projected to End Around 2060 Or So
ex-apologist
by exapologist
4M ago
 According to new research by the Pew Research Center. (See also NPR's recent piece on this.) Exapologist ..read more
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The Argument from Motivated Reasoning
ex-apologist
by exapologist
5M ago
Post stub. Very rough draft. Recent empirical work on motivated reasoning indicates that it is strongly resistant to detection, even despite our best efforts (Ballantyne 2015; Pronin et al. 2002). Perhaps worse, other work shows that attempts to preempt motivated reasoning reinforce its impact (Ehrlinger et al. 2005; Schwitzgebel & Ellis 2017). This is surprising on theism, given that it's surprising that God would design our cognitive faculties in a ways that's highly disposed to unreliability, especially in ways that can be morally pernicious. By contrast, it's not surprising on naturali ..read more
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Oberle's New Paper on Metaphysical Infinitism and the Thomistic Cosmological Argument
ex-apologist
by exapologist
5M ago
Here's a new paper making a point I've been on about recently: recent work on metaphysical infinitism and coherentism undercut certain cosmological arguments, and the metaphysical foundationalism presupposed by theism. Oberle, Thomas. "Grounding, infinite regress, and the Thomistic cosmological argument", International Journal for Philosophy of Religion (July 2022). Abstract: A prominent Thomistic cosmological argument maintains that an infinite regress of causes, which exhibits a certain pattern of ontological dependence among its members, would be vicious and so must terminate in a firs ..read more
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The Ontological Argument and the Metaphysics of Modality
ex-apologist
by exapologist
5M ago
Draft: Post stub. It's not clear that there's a metaphysics of modality that can vindicate a cogent modal ontological argument for classical theism. Theistic activism and theistic conceptualism with respect to possible worlds are a bad fit with the modal ontological argument (circularity). But so is platonism about possible worlds ( funs afoul of the aseity-sovereignty doctrine). Perhaps a dispositionalist/powers-based account of modality is compatible with the modal ontological argument, but prima facie, dispositionalism entails moderate modal skepticism (cf. Jacobs, Vetter), thereby und ..read more
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