Pakistan's Great War heroes
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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2M ago
The Indian Army before independence in 1947 was drawn from many of the nations that comprise South Asia – particularly modern Pakistan and India. During the Great War 1914-18 800,000 South Asians volunteered to join the army and 400,000 volunteered for non-combatant roles. 74,187 were killed. They fought on many fronts ..read more
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The War the World Forgot: Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Azerbaijan
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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3M ago
  On September 19, 2023, the Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, the self-declared Republic of Artsakh, fell to Azerbaijan's Turkey-supported military forces. It was the "end" of a thirty-year war; little noticed by a world preoccupied with the wars between Russia and Ukraine and Israel and Hamas, writes Joseph E Fallon. With the fall of Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan and Turkey established their geoeconomic, geopolitical, and geostrategic dominance over the South Caucasus ..read more
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Reality Check: NATO and the Russian Baltic Fleet
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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4M ago
By Joseph E. Fallon and Robin Ashby Is Russia a threat in the Baltic area? S.B. Ivanov, former Russian Federation Defence Minister, and Deputy Prime Minister, discussing the meaning of "threat" a decade ago, said that its content had drastically changed from the purely standard military threats to the so-called uncertainty factors, which are understood by the Russian Federation Defence Ministry to mean the situation, conflict or process, "which can bring about a significant change of geopolitical environment in the regions of Russia's vital interests, or can directly endanger its security." Th ..read more
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The old guard passes January - June 2024
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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4M ago
We mark the passing of those who have served this country. Contributions from comrades and families welcome. Contact curator robin.ashby.ukdf@gmail.com ..read more
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The role of the Royal Navy in the suppression of the Slave Trade
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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5M ago
The name HMS Pickle, a schooner with only five cannon, may not call forth patriots today, but it was a stirring sight on the night of 5-6 June 1829 when, after a deadly exchange of cannon fire at close range, she captured the slaver Voladora off Cuba, with slaves bound for American plantations. The Voladora was larger and had a crew twice the size, but the Pickle under J.B.B. MacHardy closed, and after an action of 80 minutes the Voladora, the mainmast shot away, the sails repeatedly holed, and rigging trailing over the stern, surrendered. The British had lost four men, their opponents at leas ..read more
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Mobile Fires Platforms
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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5M ago
The outbreak of a major war in Europe has been a shock to many. The invasion of Ukraine by Russia in February 2022 has shaken the west out of its post Cold War torpor. The increasing belligerence of Putin's Russia led NATO members to increase their readiness, including the deployment of forces close to the eastern borders of the Alliance. It has also meant a recapitalisation of equipment in many NATO members including the UK. In July 2023 Nick Watts was able to visit an AS 90 self-propelled gun that the UK has gifted to the Ukrainian armed forces. They were in a location somewhere in southern ..read more
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Strategic Implications of the Deterioration of the Rules-Based International Order
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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5M ago
Evolving political dynamics and international tensions in the year 2024 pose significant challenges to the rules-based world order, writes Dr Evan Ellis. A series of events that have contributed to the deterioration of the normative structures established by the Allied powers at the end of World War II are analyzed. From territorial threats and military aggression to the proliferation of illiberal governments and the strategic influence of the PRC, key factors that are transforming the global scene are explored. The interconnectedness between changing political, economic and security dynamics ..read more
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What weapons are the Houthis using against shipping?
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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6M ago
The UK Defence Forum has done quick media trawl. Houthi rebels have used one-way attack (OWA) drones and anti-ship missiles to target shipping in the Red Sea. https://www.centcom.mil/MEDIA/PRESS-RELEASES/Press-Release-View/Article/3605010/houthi-attacks-on-commercial-shipping-in-international-water-continue ..read more
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When war fails: The US, Red Sea and Houthis
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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6M ago
In the undeclared war in the Red Sea and Yemen, the U.S. has misjudged the Houthis, "part of the Bakil confederation, the largest tribal group in Yemen", as it previously had misjudged the Taliban. In doing so, Washington has provided the Houthis, as it did the Taliban, an opportunity to "bleed' America of money and material, undermining an aging U.S. military machine already overstretched, underfunded, undermanned, and lacking the means to successfully fight wars simultaneously in Europe and Asia. This is the real threat Houthi attacks on commercial shipping in the Red Sea pose to U.S. nation ..read more
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Where now for the Monroe Doctrine?
Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum
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7M ago
Revisiting the Monroe Doctrine - first proclaimed in 1823 by US President James Monroe - should lead us to ask anew how to appropriately engage with our neighbours in Latin America, a task made all the more imperative today by the troubling and often unnoticed activities of China, Russia, and Iran in the hemisphere we share, writes Dr Evan Ellis As the Monroe Doctrine turns 200, its continued success depends on Latin America's choices, rather than its obedience. If Latin America stands in solidarity with the U.S. against the new generation of extra-hemispheric threats, it'll be not because the ..read more
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