Impact of Impulsiveness on Brain Structure in Male Violent Patients with SCZ
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
6h ago
The following is a summary of “Brain structural alterations associated with impulsiveness in male violent patients with schizophrenia,” published in the April 2024 issue of Psychiatry by Lu et al. Schizophrenia (SCZ) can sometimes manifest as violence, and scientists are still investigating the brain mechanisms behind this. Researchers conducted a retrospective study identifying brain structural alterations linked to violent behavior and impulsivity in SCZ patients, aiming to uncover the underlying neurobiology. They utilized voxel-based morphometry and whole-brain analyses to quantify the cha ..read more
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Link Between Anti-inflammatory Treatments, Delayed Anemia Onset, and Lower Transfusion Needs in Critically Ill Patients
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
6h ago
The following is a summary of “Anti-inflammatory therapies are associated with delayed onset of anemia and reduction in transfusion requirements in critically ill patients: results from two studies,” published in the April 2024 issue of Critical Care by Bolscher et al. Researchers conducted a retrospective study investigating whether anti-inflammatory medications lessen the severity of anemia and the need for RBC transfusions in COVID-19 patients, considering the inflammatory nature of severe illness and anemia. They analyzed an observational cohort (comprising 772 individuals) and a validatio ..read more
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Rising Cases of Adult GKC at Tertiary Eye Hospitals: Complications, Features, and Antimicrobial Resistance
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
6h ago
The following is a summary of “Increased incidence of adult gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis at two tertiary eye hospitals in Western Europe: clinical features, complications, and antimicrobial susceptibility,” published in the February 2024 issue of Ophthalmology by Milligan al. Researchers conducted a retrospective study investigating the potential link between the recent surge in gonorrhea diagnoses and the rise in gonococcal keratoconjunctivitis (GKC) cases. They conducted a case series on adult GKC from two Western European tertiary ophthalmology centers (2017 to July 2023). The study repo ..read more
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Enhancing Emotion Recognition in Users with Cochlear Implant Through Machine Learning and EEG Analysis
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
7h ago
The following is a summary of “Improving emotion perception in cochlear implant users: insights from machine learning analysis of EEG signals,” published in the April 2024 issue of Neurology by Paquette al. Cochlear implants provide some hearing restoration, but limited emotional perception in sound hinders social interaction, making it essential to study remaining emotion perception abilities for future rehabilitation programs. Researchers conducted a retrospective study to investigate the remaining emotion perception abilities in cochlear implant users, aiming to improve rehabilitation progr ..read more
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PROMs as Important as Disease Activity Indexes for Assessing PsA
Physician's Weekly
by Teresa Sellinger
7h ago
New findings show that patient-reported outcome measures were strongly associated with several psoriatic arthritis disease activity indexes. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are strongly linked with the Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) score for patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), researchers in Italy report. By paying attention to PROMs, clinicians can better understand their patients’ experiences, tailor more effective treatment plans, and monitor treatment responses more accurately. “The key message is that it’s always important to listen to our patients ..read more
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Evaluating TrSB Approach to Refine PCa Biopsy
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
7h ago
The following is a summary of “A Novel Biopsy Scheme for Prostate Cancer: Targeted and Regional Systematic Biopsy,” published in the April 2024 issue of Urology by He et al. In this study, the researchers investigated a novel biopsy scheme for prostate cancer (PCa) and evaluated its detection rate and pathological agreement compared to standard systematic (SB) + targeted (TB) biopsy. Positive needles from 194 patients who underwent SB + TB (STB) followed by radical prostatectomy (RP) were collected. Our novel biopsy scheme, targeted and regional systematic biopsy (TrSB), consisted of TB combin ..read more
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Innovative Pericardial Rug Weave Method for Pericardial Defects Closure
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
7h ago
The following is a summary of “A new technique for closure of pericardial defects: pericardial rug weave,” published in the April 2024 issue of Surgery by Fındık et al. Pericardial defects resulting from intrapericardial pneumonectomy represent a critical surgical challenge due to their potential for severe complications. To address this concern, mesh implantation has been a standard practice for closing such defects and mitigating associated risks. In the investigation, spanning the period from October 2010 to June 2022, the researchers conducted a thorough retrospective analysis of patients ..read more
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Analyzing Maternal Perspectives on Information Delivery Regarding Preterm Births
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
7h ago
The following is a summary of “Qualitative analysis of mothers’ perception related to the delivery of information regarding preterm births,” published in the April 2024 issue of Obstetrics and Gynaecology by Randriamboarison et al. Preterm birth represents a significant health concern globally, given its potential complications and socioeconomic ramifications. Effective prenatal counseling is paramount for expectant parents, as the risk of preterm birth is often associated with heightened mental distress. In France, the absence of official guidelines results in prenatal counseling content and ..read more
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Analyzing Neonatal Outcomes Across Various Glucose Thresholds in Gestational Diabetes
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
8h ago
The following is a summary of “Neonatal outcomes according to different glucose threshold values in gestational diabetes: a register-based study,” published in the April 2024 issue of Obstetrics and Gynaecology by Kariniemi et al. Mild hyperglycemia during pregnancy is often linked to elevated birth weight, but its broader impact on neonatal outcomes remains uncertain. In this study, the researchers sought to investigate the associations between untreated mild hyperglycemia, as determined by varying oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) thresholds, and neonatal outcomes. For the investigation, in ..read more
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Exploring Serine Synthesis and Catabolism in Primary BEC and Starved Lung Cancer
Physician's Weekly
by Physician's Weekly Admin
8h ago
The following is a summary of “Serine synthesis and catabolism in starved lung cancer and primary bronchial epithelial cells,” published in the March 2024 issue of Oncology by Haitzmann et al. Serine and glycine play crucial roles as building blocks in the proliferation of cells, with their availability impacting various cellular processes. While lung cancer cells exhibit diverse expression patterns of serine synthesis genes, the presence of the key enzyme phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) has been linked to unfavorable prognostic outcomes. Despite this, the influence of glucose deprivati ..read more
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