Protecting Youth From the Dangers of Vaping: What’s Been Done, What’s Needed
Psychiatry Advisor
by Emily Estrada
13h ago
What’s the best way to curb vaping, especially among adolescents and young adults? Despite Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation, vaping is flourishing, with a steady stream of e-cigarette products finding their way into stores as well as into the hands, lungs, and bloodstreams of America’s youth. Vaping, it seems, is the new smoking for teenagers and young adults. “E-cigarettes have taken over the youth tobacco use landscape. They are the most commonly used tobacco product,” said Thomas Carr, Director of National Policy at the American Lung Association (ALA), in an exclusive intervie ..read more
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HHS Releases 2024 Final Rule on Regulations for Opioid Treatment
Psychiatry Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
13h ago
In its final rule, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is permanently implementing the changes and flexibilities put forth during the COVID-19 pandemic to remove burdens for Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs) and providers in treating patients with opioid use disorder (OUD). The effective date of this final rule is April 2, 2024 and compliance begins October 2, 2024. Reducing Barriers, Expanding Access to Care The prior HHS standards limited administration and dispensing of methadone for unsupervised or at-ho ..read more
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Suicidality Among Transgender Young Adults Varies by Race, Sexual Orientation
Psychiatry Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
13h ago
The odds of suicidality and serious psychological distress among transgender young adults (TYA) vary by gender identity, sexual orientation, and race — demonstrating intra-community diversity of mental health needs. Targeted mental health interventions may need to adopt an intersectional framework in light of these study findings published in the Journal of Adolescent Health. Previous research has demonstrated that TYA are at higher risk for adverse mental health outcomes relative to cisgender individuals. However, the young age of TYA and dependence on family can create barriers to peer suppo ..read more
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IV Ketamine Not a ‘Silver Bullet’ for Depression, but Does Help Some
Psychiatry Advisor
by Haymarket Media
13h ago
HealthDay News — Nearly half of Veterans Health Administration (VA) patients with treatment-resistant depression who received intravenous (IV) ketamine saw a meaningful drop in depression scores by the end of six weeks of infusions, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Paul N. Pfeiffer, M.D., from the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor, and colleagues used data from the VA electronic medical records for 215 patients treated with IV ketamine infusions for depression in fiscal year 2020, with up to 12 months of follow-up. The researc ..read more
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Cognitive Benefits Seen 2 Years After Bariatric Surgery
Psychiatry Advisor
by Haymarket Media
13h ago
HealthDay News — Bariatric surgery (BS) is associated with cognitive benefits two years after surgery, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in JAMA Network Open. Emma Custers, from Radboud University Medical Center in Nijmegen, Netherlands, and colleagues examined the long-term associations of weight loss after BS with cognition and brain structure and perfusion in a cohort study involving 133 participants with severe obesity eligible for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (aged 35 to 55 years). The researchers found that at 24 months after BS, global cognition was at least 20 percent higher in ..read more
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Autism Spectrum Disorder May Involve Retinal Structural Alterations
Psychiatry Advisor
by Stephen Bohacik
13h ago
Children with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate retinal structure thickness and volume reductions compared with children who do not have the disorder, according to research published in Cureus. This finding highlights the importance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for diagnosis autism and determining its clinical course, the report suggests. Researchers included 40 participants with autism spectrum disorder (mean age, 9.77 years; 75% boys; mild cognitive impairment, n=11) and 40 age- and sex-matched control group participants (mean age, 9.85 years; 75% boys) in a retrospective investi ..read more
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Anxiety and Depression in Inflammatory Arthritis Linked to Poor Self-Management Behaviors
Psychiatry Advisor
by Emily Estrada
13h ago
Symptoms of anxiety and depression were highly prevalent among patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and were associated with low self-management behaviors, according to study results published in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases Open. It has been previously reported that 20% to 40% of patients with IA suffer from depression, anxiety, or both. Researchers evaluated the prevalence of anxiety and depression and their relationship to self-management behaviors in patients with IA.  A nationwide, cross-sectional study was performed in Denmark including adult patients with IA; IA incl ..read more
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GI Symptoms During Hospitalization Linked to Long COVID Cognitive, Sleep Problems in Black Patients
Psychiatry Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
13h ago
Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations are common among Black patients during acute and long COVID periods. GI symptoms during acute hospitalization may also be associated with subsequent long COVID cognitive impairment and sleep problems, according to study results published in Digestive Diseases and Sciences. Researchers sought to determine the frequency of GI symptoms resulting from long COVID and to understand their association with sleep or neurological symptoms in a racial and ethnic minority population. A total of 747 adults who were hospitalized for COVID-19 between February 2020 and May ..read more
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Grandparental Care Linked to Worse Child Mental Health Outcomes
Psychiatry Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
2d ago
Grandparent care is associated with increased internalizing, externalizing, and overall mental health problems among children, according to study results published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. These findings indicate that grandparental care may be a risk factor for children’s mental health. Previous research has demonstrated that parental characteristics exert a major impact on children’s mental health outcomes. Given the global increase in the number of children residing in grandfamilies, investigators conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to characterize and e ..read more
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Pseudoneurotic Symptoms Associated With Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders
Psychiatry Advisor
by Meahjabeen Hoque
2d ago
Pseudoneurotic symptoms are associated with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, according to study results published in Schizophrenia Bulletin. These symptoms were also linked to persistent psychopathology, particularly basic self-disorder. Individuals with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders often report nonpsychotic symptoms, which are symptoms more frequently associated with nonpsychotic disorders such as depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Despite their similarity with other disorders, many researchers and clinicians believe these symptoms should be considered relatively typ ..read more
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