Free to Think 2021? Chronicle of Indian Scholars, Students, and Academicians
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
6M ago
The report “Free to Think 2021”, documented by Scholars at Risk [‘SAR’], catalogs 332 attacks on higher education institutions across 65 countries and territories. According to the report, violent pouncing, assassinations, police raids on institutions, coercive forces against students during peaceful protests, and scholars being wrongfully imprisoned and prosecuted are some of the global highlights from last year. The report, first published in 2015, has a sizable chapter this year delineating the status-quo of academic freedom in India. It asserted that scholars are being prosecuted by author ..read more
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The Matua Program in Fiji: A ‘Sustainable’ Precedent for Right to Education For ‘All’?
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
6M ago
The Matua program (‘the program’) was established at the Nabua Secondary School in Fiji in 2003. It is a secondary school qualification programme for students that quit school without completing secondary school education in Years 10, 12 and 13 due to their disadvantageous circumstances. The program is for adult students irrespective of age. For example, mothers and homemakers in their 40s. It aims to develop access to tertiary education and/or employment for these students whose dire circumstances compelled them to abandon their secondary education. In this piece, I evaluate the program’s sig ..read more
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Illegal use of Pellet guns and human rights violations in Kashmir: varying perspectives and challenges
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
8M ago
In 2016, after the paramilitary forces had gunned down commander of the militant outfit Hizbul Mujahidin, Burhan Muzaffar Wani, this led to widespread protests in the entire Kashmir valley, which authorities tried to control using pellet guns to disperse the protesting crowds. Since then, it has become a singular pattern in law enforcement that for every deliberation and protest, pellets are fired.  The use of pellets has attracted a considerable amount of backlash and exploration, claiming it to be in clear violation of the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforce ..read more
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A Cause for Concern: Legislative Threats to Human Rights in the UK
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
9M ago
On 14/04/2022, the Home Secretary Priti Patel announced a new initiative to combat the incorrectly named ‘illegal’ crossings in the English Channel: those that cross the Channel seeking to claim asylum will be removed from the UK and placed in Rwanda, where they will then have the chance to claim asylum. During the announcement speech, Johnson referred to the November 2021 tragedy, where 27 people lost their lives crossing the Channel, in order to promote and rationalise this new policy. This is not the first-time fatalities in the Channel have been used to justify cruel and inhumane policies ..read more
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Same Sex Parentage to be given legal recognition across all EU Member States – Landmark ruling by CJEU
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
9M ago
The right to non-discrimination and the right to equality before the law are fundamental principles of international human rights law. Article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 November 1989 provides that ‘The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and, as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.’ Thus, in this article, the matter of same sex parentage will be addressed from a legal perspective ..read more
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Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in India: An Urgent Need for Intervention
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
9M ago
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a global concern, and a major human rights violation of girls and women worldwide. Due to the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, UNICEF estimates that two million additional cases of FGM/C may occur over the next decade. Although FGM/C is predominantly practised in 30 countries spanning the African continent, it is a global phenomenon seen in other parts of the world as well. This piece will focus on the practice of FGM/C in India and the legal aspects surrounding its practice. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), FGM/C encomp ..read more
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Pink Tax: The gender bias in product recommendations and corporate social responsibility
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
9M ago
The conceptual underpinning of the ‘pink-tax’ refers to the profit-maximizing techniques adopted by companies based on psychological trends, shopping behaviour and interests, to promote the sale of products marketed towards female consumers at substantially higher prices than those promoted to male consumers. Far from being a “traditional” tax, these marketing strategies take advantage of women by increasing the price they pay. This difference results in a significant reduction in the opportunities and services available to women, augmenting deeply entrenched inequalities. Adver ..read more
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Decriminalizing Abortion, Protecting Reproductive Rights and Personal Autonomy: Mexican Supreme Court’s Stride on Women’s Rights
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
10M ago
In September 2021, the Mexican Supreme Court [‘Court’] delivered a chorus of judgements establishing a transformative precedent in the state’s absolute respect for women and other individuals concerning reproductive and abortion rights. The rulings have been regarded as a watershed in the history of women’s rights. In this article, I argue that these judgements are the most robust constitutional structure of protection for the right to legal abortion delivered by a Latin-American Constitutional Court. Further, I conclude that these judgements not only enhance the previously existing national p ..read more
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Withering of human rights? The heckler’s veto and norm-creation through film censorship in India
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
10M ago
We define censorship as the striking out of free expression from the public record for state security, removing hate speech and other objectionable content. It is also an act of convenience. India exercises ‘prior restraint’ on films. The national Censor Board examines films’ suitability before exhibition. The Supreme Court of India once stated that film is a separate class of expression; it registers more emphatically with the audience than, say, a radio broadcast or newspaper editorial. Therefore, if it is likely to incite violence — risking ‘public order’ — it can be censored, followin ..read more
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Speciesism in Chimerism: The Case of Human-Chimeric Embryos
LSE Human Rights
by Lamprell,E
10M ago
On 15th April 2021, a team of scientists from the United States, China and Spain made history by creating world’s first hybrid human-monkey chimeric embryos. A chimera is a single organism generated from two or more individual organisms. It contains two sets of DNA– one which is inherent and conferred genetically during the formation of embryo; and the other, where the second set of DNA is artificially infused into the embryo. Chimeras have the genetic code to generate two separate organisms and are used to create “hybrids”. In the present instance, these hybrids were created by injecting 25 h ..read more
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