Does incorporating complexity into coastal engineering increase fish diversity along urban shorelines?
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
2d ago
Authors of a recently published research article explain how, to enhance fish diversity, it is important to provide three-dimensional habitat architecture that incorporates a wide range of microhabitat sizes and types.  Habitat complexity Habitat complexity is a key driver of marine fish diversity and essential for determining structure and function of fish communities. Many fishes use benthic habitat features (e.g. holes, crevices, vertical reliefs, and ..read more
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Bark beetles in boreal forests: Calm before the storm?
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
1w ago
In this week’s blog post, Jostein Gohli and authors discuss their recent research which explores how climatic and management-related factors influence bark beetle population sizes in boreal forests. The European spruce bark beetle The European spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) is a notorious tree-killer in spruce-dominated forests. The last 5-10 years it has caused enormous problems in Central Europe, killing hundreds of millions of spruce ..read more
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Learning from failure: attempted eradication of red swamp crayfish in Malta did not deliver
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by AER | ESE
1w ago
Feature image: Invasive Red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) © Alex Caruana Author Alex Caruana shares learnings from their failed attempts to eradicate invasive crayfish from the Fiddien Valley in Malta. Invasive alien crayfish, like the Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii), are a major threat to freshwater ecosystems all over the world. They have a significant impact on freshwater food webs, can carry diseases such as ..read more
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Adaptive Resource Management: Achieving functional eradication of invasive snakes to benefit avian conservation
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
2w ago
Melia Nafus summarises how, alongside colleagues, they applied an Adaptive Resource Management process across three field phases of snake removal. This enabled an evaluation of whether eradication was achievable and whether it was necessary to achieve an avian response. Invasive snakes Invasive species, particularly predators, harm natural ecosystems and are a leading driver in global biodiversity loss. Invasive snakes often cause substantial ecological harm as ..read more
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Explore Before You Restore: Enhancing ecosystem restoration with complex systems science
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
2w ago
Sybryn L. Maes explains how they, alongside colleagues, developed an Explore Before You Restore framework, and illustrates how these concepts may impact restoration outcomes by influencing degradation and recovery trajectories. To help restore ecosystems, we, a group of international experts in resilience & restoration, propose using a new framework called Explore Before You Restore (EBYR) throughout the restoration project cycle. Even though there are international ..read more
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Passive tree diversity increase after intense forest exploitation? A matter of drought-tolerant and animal-dispersed species
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
3w ago
Miriam Selwyn discusses their latest study’s findings, conducted with colleagues. Results find ca. 30 years of passive tree species diversity increase following intense forest management release. This is largely thought to be led by animal-dispersed and higher drought tolerant species in the context of increasing temperatures and decreasing precipitations. Why does diversity matter? Tree species diversity is considered one of the main attributes promoting forest ..read more
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Contributing to the conversation on community engagement in ecosystem restoration
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by AER | ESE
3w ago
Authors Judy Kingsbury and Marian Farrior share proven practices developed from existing community-based restoration programmes to foster similar programmes around the world. Our article, co-authored with Bradley Herrick, was inspired by the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration and the call to halt and reverse the degradation of Earth’s ecosystems. We share the principles, practices and frameworks behind the Arboretum’s ‘Restoration Team Leader Program’, for volunteers ..read more
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Can livestock help restore pollination services?
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
3w ago
Anna Traveset and Carlos Lara-Romero talk us through the effect of green infrastructure on the restoration of pollination networks and plant performance in semi-natural dry grasslands across Europe. Alongside colleagues, Traveset and Lara-Romero suggest that enhancing ecosystem functions while avoiding biotic homogenisation is a necessity. Introduction and objectives In Europe, semi-natural grasslands are living treasures, nurtured by traditional pastoralism that has maintained their unique biodiversity.  However ..read more
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Land sparing outperforms land sharing for Amazonian bird communities regardless of surrounding landscape context
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by Journal of Applied Ecology
1M ago
Benjamin Birch discusses the role of wildlife-friendly habitat in the wider surrounding landscape in promoting farmland diversity. Alongside colleagues, Birch modelled strategies of land sparing and land sharing under different levels of production. Background The conversion of natural habitats to agriculture is one of the greatest threats to biodiversity globally. Currently, 40% of the Earth’s land is dedicated to farming, and projections show a further ..read more
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No change in burning of peatland in Eastern Scotland’s moorlands
The Applied Ecologist's blog
by AER | ESE
1M ago
Author Benedict Spracklen used satellite imagery to better understand the impact of prescribed burning of moorland on ecosystem services. Prescribed burning has long played a role in the management of moorland, both in Scotland and across the UK. In Eastern Scotland, moorland burning (muirburn) is carried out to remove old vegetation and encourage new growth, in the belief this will help red grouse, which are ..read more
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