How do Australia's desert animals avoid inbreeding during dry spells?
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Some Australian desert mammals use distinct strategies to promote evolutionary fitness in response to changing environmental conditions over short timescales, according to a new study ..read more
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Illuminating the path to hearing recovery: Structural insights into a receptor protein's role in auditory function
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Researchers have worked to uncover the mysteries surrounding a specific receptor protein associated with hearing. Professor Yunje Cho's research team from the Department of Life Sciences at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH, Republic of Korea) has collaborated with Professor Kwang Pyo Kim's group from the Department of Applied Chemistry at Kyung Hee University (KHU, ROK), Professor Vsevolod Katritch's team from the University of Southern California (USC, U.S.), and Professor Carol V. Robinson from the University of Oxford (UK ..read more
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Twisted pollen tubes induce infertility in plants with multiple sets of chromosomes
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Most mammals and humans have a double set of chromosomes—and as a rule, plants do, too: One set comes from the father, the other from the mother. Such organisms are called diploids. However, sometimes the number of chromosome sets doubles from one generation to the next: one diploid organism suddenly becomes a tetraploid—i.e., it has four sets of chromosomes ..read more
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First-of-its-kind study shows Florida Wildlife Corridor eases worst impacts of climate change
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From rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns to intense weather events such as hurricanes, Florida is experiencing significant climate-related challenges in tandem with skyrocketing insurance rates. As the state's population continues to surge by 1,000 new residents a day, it is projected to lose 3.5 million acres of land to development by 2070, threatening Florida's future ability to maintain biodiversity and ecosystem services ..read more
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Attosecond imaging made possible by short and powerful laser pulses
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Extremely short pulses of laser light with a peak power of 6 terawatts (6 trillion watts)—roughly equivalent to the power produced by 6,000 nuclear power plants—have been realized by two RIKEN physicists. This achievement will help further develop attosecond lasers, for which three researchers were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2023. The work is published in the journal Nature Photonics ..read more
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A single atom layer of gold—researchers create goldene
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For the first time, scientists have managed to create sheets of gold only a single atom layer thick. The material has been termed goldene. According to researchers from Linköping University, Sweden, this has given the gold new properties that can make it suitable for use in applications such as carbon dioxide conversion, hydrogen production, and production of value-added chemicals. Their findings are published in the journal Nature Synthesis ..read more
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Supporting the future of Mars exploration with supercomputers
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You may have flown a flight simulator in a computer game or at a science museum. Landing without crashing is always the hardest part. But that's nothing compared to the challenge that engineers are facing to develop a flight simulation of the very large vehicles necessary for humans to explore the surface of Mars. The Red Planet poses innumerable challenges to astronauts, not the least of which is getting there ..read more
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Sustainable synthesis method reveals N-hydroxy modifications for pharmaceuticals
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Recently published research results enable preparative access to novel substances that carry a modification of a structural motif frequently found in pharmaceuticals ..read more
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In search for alien life, purple may be the new green
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From house plants and gardens to fields and forests, green is the color we most associate with surface life on Earth, where conditions favored the evolution of organisms that perform oxygen-producing photosynthesis using the green pigment chlorophyll a ..read more
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Physicists explain, and eliminate, unknown force dragging against water droplets on superhydrophobic surfaces
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Microscopic chasms forming a sea of conical jagged peaks stipple the surface of a material called black silicon. While it's commonly found in solar cell tech, black silicon also moonlights as a tool for studying the physics of how water droplets behave ..read more
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