Gaming the mind: Unmasking 'dark patterns' in video games
Internet Policy Review
by Weiwei Yi
2w ago
Stepping into a virtual realm where every move you make is not solely your own but is subtly orchestrated by game designers — where there could be 'dark patterns' controlling your gaming experience, dopamine rushes and spending habits — is a concerning but not unrealistic portrayal of the future of gameplay. Ongoing regulatory debates in the EU about limiting ‘loot boxes’, in-game containers that mask randomised content which players purchase using real or in-game currency, attempt to address this issue (Osborne, 2023). Belgium, Finland and the Netherlands have declared loot boxes pu ..read more
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The road to regulation of artificial intelligence: the Brazilian experience
Internet Policy Review
by Laura Schertel Mendes, Beatriz Kira
2M ago
​ With the political approval around the EU AI Act on 8 December, Europe’s comprehensive regulatory framework joins other governments initiatives in response to growing concerns about AI safety with a surge in regulatory initiatives. These include the Bletchley Declaration following the UK AI Safety Summit to progress on the EU AI Act, the comprehensive AI governance strategy outlined in Biden's Executive Order, and the G7's statement on the Hiroshima process, endorsing an AI 'Code of Conduct'. AI regulation in Brazil Amidst the attention these initiatives have garnered, a significant effort i ..read more
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The emergence of dark patterns as a legal concept in case law
Internet Policy Review
by Cristiana Santos, Arianna Rossi
7M ago
On the 23 February 2023, the Italian Data Protection Authority (DPA) issued a decision against Ediscom S.p.A. (Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali, 2023) explicitly referring to “dark patterns”1, i.e. online design choices that manipulate users’ decision-making to benefit digital services. The imposed fine of 300,000 euros was due because, on some of its websites, the company employed dark patterns (hereafter DPs) to illegally entice data subjects to consent to the processing of their personal data for marketing purposes. This decision is significant as it is the first time in Europe ..read more
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The fallacy of decentralised autonomous organisations: Decentralised in name only?
Internet Policy Review
by Michal Jirásek
1y ago
Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAOs) are “… blockchain-based organisations fed by virtual open networks of contributors” (Santana & Albareda, 2022, p. 1). One of the defining features of DAOs is their decentralised governance (Hassan & De Filippi, 2021; Santana & Albareda, 2022). Decentralisation lies at the heart of the cypherpunk ethos, which runs through the Web3 community and aims to disrupt social, political, and economic asymmetries (Ramiro & de Queiroz, 2022). Accordingly, DAOs should serve as a tool for disrupting these imbalances within organisations. Falling ..read more
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Solid, Mastodon, and the risk of overburdening the user
Internet Policy Review
by Ana Pop Stefanija
1y ago
Twitter exodus FUNDING The op-ed is a result of a research done as part of the project DELICIOS “An integrated approach to study the delegation of conflict-of-interest decisions to autonomous agents” (G054919N), funded by the Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen (FWO). When we look at the recent Twitter-Mastodon exodus, we see a new trend of responsibilisation or placing the burden someplace else — from platform to user. This tendency comes in three distinct forms: the burden to familiarise oneself, the burden of trust and the offloading of responsibility to regulation. Why does ..read more
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Resilience: A useful concept for science to cope with digital transformation
Internet Policy Review
by Benedikt Fecher, Birte Fähnrich
1y ago
In our knowledge-based society, hardly any development has changed scientific knowledge production and scholarly communication as profoundly as digitalisation. In our eyes, the concept of resilience is useful to inform change in science governance in the digital age. Starting with a discussion of the term, our essay discusses the potential of the concept of resilience for science in digital transformation. Defining resilience The notion of resilience stems from psychology, where it is conceived as a person's ability to successfully adapt to difficult or challenging life experiences. In recent ..read more
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Tackling news media underfunding: from copyright reform to cutting the (platform) middleman
Internet Policy Review
by Zsuzsa Detrekői
2y ago
Since the early days of online news portals at the end of the 20th century, online content publishing was a three-sided market from an economic perspective. Content providers (mainly online newspapers) wrote the content, advertisers paid for advertising space on their website, and users got the articles for free. With the development of the major digital platforms such as Facebook and Google, the financing of online press has collapsed. Today’s major digital platforms—such as Google and Facebook—started to grow in the middle of the last decade. Collecting more and more user data, they created ..read more
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Identifying harm in manipulative artificial intelligence practices
Internet Policy Review
by Suzanne Vergnolle
2y ago
This op-ed is part of a series of opinion pieces edited by Amélie Heldt in the context of a workshop on the Digital Services Act Package hosted by the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society on 15 and 16 November 2021 in Berlin. This workshop brought together legal scholars and social scientists to get a better understanding of the DSA Package, in detail and on a meta level. Often presented as one of the most promising technologies of the decade, artificial intelligence gives us hope for economical, societal, and ecological progress. Alongside this hope, artificial intelligence alread ..read more
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P2B and the missing relational dimensions of the Digital Services Act
Internet Policy Review
by Ohad Somech, Maayan Perel, Niva Elkin-Koren
2y ago
This op-ed is part of a series of opinion pieces edited by Amélie Heldt in the context of a workshop on the Digital Services Act Package hosted by the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society on 15 and 16 November 2021 in Berlin. This workshop brought together legal scholars and social scientists to get a better understanding of the DSA Package, in detail and on a meta level. Zac Plansky woke up one morning to discover that the products he sells on Amazon received a high number of suspicious favourable reviews, The Verge reported. Zac signalled the incident to Amazon which promptly rem ..read more
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The Digital Services Act: risk-based regulation of online platforms
Internet Policy Review
by Zohar Efroni
2y ago
This op-ed is part of a series of opinion pieces edited by Amélie Heldt in the context of a workshop on the Digital Services Act Package hosted by the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society on 15 and 16 November 2021 in Berlin. This workshop brought together legal scholars and social scientists to get a better understanding of the DSA Package, in detail and on a meta level. I. The DSA as risk-based regulation The causal connection between the fourth wave of COVID-19 infections that Europe currently experiences, the rate of (non)vaccinated persons in the population and the influence o ..read more
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